A simple compression system model, described by a set of three ordinary nonlinear differential equations (the Moore-Greitzer model) is studied using bifurcation analysis to give a qualitative understanding of the presence of surge and rotating stall. Firstly, three parameter values are chosen and a reduced planar system is studied to detect the local bifurcations of pure surge modes. The global bifurcation diagrams are then completed with the help of the continuation software AUTO. A special feature of this 2D system is a set of parameter values where two Takens-Bogdanov points merge. As a next step, the interaction of surge and rotating stall modes is analysed using the same branch tracking technique. Several novel bifurcation scenarios are described. Two-parameter bifurcation maps are computed and a satisfactory agreement with experimental results is found. An explanation is given for the onset of deep surge, rotating stall, classic surge and the hysteresis effects experienced in measurements.
Additional information: Preprint of a paper later published by Oxford University Press (2003), IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, 68(2), pp.205-228, ISSN 0272-4960