Co3O4-ZnO P-N Heterostructure Nanomaterials Film and its Enhanced Photoelectric Response to Visible Lights at Near Room Temperature

  • Nan Han (Creator)
  • Guofeng Pan (Creator)
  • Jie Zheng (Creator)
  • Ru Wang (Creator)
  • Yudong Wang (Creator)



In this paper, Co3O4-ZnO nanomaterials with Co3O4 doping mass fractions of 0%, 2.13%, 4.13%, and 6.13% were prepared by sol-gel method. In order to explain and confirm the influence of the incorporation of Co3O4 on the surface morphology and gas sensitivity of ZnO at a relatively low gas concentration, additional studies such as XRD, XPS, SEM, EDS and UV-vis spectroscopy were performed. And its photoelectric response to 100 ppm acetone at near room temperature and visible light irradiation was studied. Due to the formation of P-N heterojunctions, the Co3O4-ZnO heterostructural nanoparticles has a highe response to low concentrations of acetone gas than undoped ZnO nanoparticles even at operating temperatures as low as 30ºC. The addition of Co3O4 improves the sensitivity and selectivity of ZnO thick films. The sensitivity of the 4.13wt% Co3O4-ZnO sample to 100 ppm acetone at a working temperature of 30ºC was 24.36. The light excitation effect was significantly enhanced. Under visible light irradiation, the sensitivity can reach 37.21. In addition, the Co3O4-ZnO P-N heterojunction model was combined with visible light excitation theory to further explore the mechanism of gas sensing reaction.
Date made available7 Jun 2022
PublisherSciELO journals

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