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Personal profile

Research interests

Broadly, my professional and research interests are in the interdisciplinary, cross-sectoral issues of environmental sustainability and, more specifically, community action, energy and climate change, and sustainable urban environments.

Research interests

Over the past few years my research has focussed on grassroots and collaborative activity in response to issues of environmental sustainability, particularly at the city scale.  

Currently, I am working with colleagues in Computer Science to explore how household energy management can be supported through peer-to-peer trading platforms and automated demand shifting services to reduce peak loads.

Previously, I have been exploring the role of informal governance in the context of a wider approach to city leadership by non-state actors in Promoting ‘informal governance’ as a leadership asset: A case study of Bristol Pound

During Bristol’s year as European Green Capital in 2015, as ‘Future Cities and Communities Knowledge Exchange Manager' working with the Cabot Institute and the Bristol Green Capital Partnership, I set up a series of conversations bringing together academic and city expertise to address 'Delivering the Future City' through changing governance, austerity and new partnerships and engagement.

I carried out the UK comparative elements of 'Between Social Activism and Social Enterprise: Socio-legal support structures for grassroots responses to climate change' (2013-16) which explored the regulatory issues of a spectrum of grassroots organisations in different sectors (food, energy, resources, transport, work space) in the UK and Australia. The project was led by Professor Bronwen Morgan, Australian Research Council Future Fellow at the University of New South Wales. A Bristol workshop was held in March 2015 to discuss the UK findings.

In the 'Maintaining Momentum' project (2012-13), I explored how community groups can maintain the momentum generated by seed grants for local energy and the roles of intermediaries in brokering and translating between top-down policy and bottom-up action. The project culminated in the 'Energised Communities' seminar in Bristol's BIG Green Week which linked with the launch of the Bristol Community Strategy for Energy. I then worked with the Bristol Energy Network on a Connected Communities seed funded project (2014) to understand how the university and community energy groups can constructively work together.



Structured keywords and research groupings

  • Urban Research Cluster
  • Cabot Institute City Futures Research
  • Cabot Institute Low Carbon Energy Research

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Research Output

Theory as a Source of Software Requirements

Chitchyan, R. & Bird, C., 12 May 2020, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of International Requirements Engineering Conference. IEEE Computer Society, 11 p. (International Requirements Engineering Conference ).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

  • Eliciting requirements for demand response service design to households: A pilot study

    Chitchyan, R., Shah, P. & Bird, C., 15 Apr 2019, Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering, EASE 2019, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 2014-17 2019. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), p. 299-304 6 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

    Open Access
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    26 Downloads (Pure)

    Exploring Implications of Capacity-Based Electricity Pricing for Peak Demand Reduction

    Schien, D., Nolden, C., Bird, C., Wilkins, D., Ramokapane, M., Preist, C., Chitti, P. & Chitchyan, R., 17 Jun 2019, ICT for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on ICT for Sustainability. Wolff, A. (ed.). CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 10 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

    Open Access
  • 25 Downloads (Pure)


    • 3 Participation in workshop, seminar, course
    • 2 Public talk, debate, discussion

    Informal power: the opportunities and risks in using the personal touch to bring about city change

    Robin Hambleton (Chair), , Caroline M Bird (Organiser), & Ciaran Mundy (Speaker)

    11 Dec 2017

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

    Ideas For Good #2: the Role of Social Enterprise in Building Sustainable Futures

    Caroline M Bird (Invited speaker)

    2 Jun 2015

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

    Sustainability, social enterprise and sharing: what’s law got to do with it?

    Caroline M Bird (Host)

    20 Mar 2015

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesPublic talk, debate, discussion