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Personal profile

Research interests

I look at what drives marine ecosystem, biogeochemical cycles and climate to interact. I am interested in particular in the role of marine plankton and nutrients on the carbon cycle. My work combines mathematical and numerical modelling in comparison with observations.

Recent projects have focused on understanding the controlling mechanisms for coccolithophore ecology, marine nitrogen fixation and the spread of anoxic conditions during the Oceanic Anoxic Events of the Cretaceous.

  • Diversity of coccolithophores: I test different ecological trade-offs for a diverse population of coccolithophore to analyse the causes and consequences of diversity and calcification on the carbon cycle and climate in the global ocean.
  • Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs): I analyse the interactions between the nutrient cycles (phosphorus, nitrogen and iron), climate and the cycling of carbon, oxygen and sulphur in an Earth System model (GENIE). In doing so, I evaluate the sensitivity of marine biogeochemistry to warming, increased stratification and decreased dissolved oxygen concentration.
  • Marine nitrogen cycle: I investigate how the marine nitrogen cycle (including nitrogen fixation, denitrification and nitrification) can regulate marine productivity and thus climate for modern (using MITgcm) and past climates (using GENIE).
  • Diversity of nitrogen fixers: Using a self-assembling ecosystem model (Darwin project), I reconstruct diverse population of nitrogen fixers of the modern ocean to assess the impact of diversity on the nitrogen cycle and climate.

Structured keywords and research groupings

  • Cabot Institute Water Research
  • Cabot Institute Environmental Change Research

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Research Output

  • 16 Article (Academic Journal)
  • 2 Review article (Academic Journal)
  • 1 PhD thesis (not Bristol)

Unravelling the sources of carbon emissions at the onset of Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE) 1a

Adloff, M., Greene, S. E., Parkinson, I. J., Naafs, B. D. A., Preston, W., Ridgwell, A., Lunt, D. J., Castro Jiménez, J. M. & Monteiro, F. M., 15 Jan 2020, In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 530, 9 p., 115947.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
  • 86 Downloads (Pure)

    A trait-based modelling approach to planktonic foraminifera ecology

    Grigoratou, M., Monteiro, F. M., Schmidt, D. N., Wilson, J. D., Ward, B. A. & Ridgwell, A., 10 Apr 2019, In : Biogeosciences. 16, 7, p. 1469-1492 24 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

    Open Access
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    217 Downloads (Pure)

    Fundamentally different global marine nitrogen cycling in response to severe ocean deoxygenation

    Naafs, B. D. A., Monteiro, F. M., Pearson, A., Higgins, M. B., Pancost, R. D. & Ridgwell, A., 10 Dec 2019, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116, 50, p. 24979-24984 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

    Open Access
  • 2 Citations (Scopus)
    73 Downloads (Pure)


    • 6 Publication peer-review
    • 3 Invited talk
    • 2 Fellowship awarded competitively

    Evolution of the ocean biogeochemistry at the Late Cretaceous

    Fanny M Monteiro (Speaker)

    Nov 2012

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesInvited talk

    NERC Postdoctoral Fellow - Determining the marine ecosystem response to global change: Lessons from the past using a new Earth system model.

    Fanny M Monteiro (Recipient)

    1 Oct 20121 Feb 2017

    Activity: Other activity typesFellowship awarded competitively

    Redfield's theory, nitrogen limitation and ocean anoxia

    Fanny M Monteiro (Speaker)

    Jun 2012

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesInvited talk

    Supervised Work

    Assessing past oxygen in the ocean using Cr isotopes as a palaeo-proxy

    Author: Remmelzwaal, S., 19 Jun 2018

    Supervisor: Parkinson, I. (Supervisor), Schmidt, D. (Supervisor) & Monteiro, F. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)


    A trait-based approach to planktonic foraminifera ecology and biogeography

    Author: Grigoratou, M., 12 May 2020

    Supervisor: Schmidt, D. (Supervisor), Monteiro, F. (Supervisor) & Ridgwell, A. J. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)

    Climate impact on diatom size and distribution

    Author: Burgan, S., 23 Jan 2020

    Supervisor: Monteiro, F. (Supervisor) & Hendry, K. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Master's ThesisMaster of Science (MSc)