Photo of Janet A D Howard

Dr Janet A D Howard

MA, PhD

  • BS8 1UU

20172019

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Research interests

I am interested in so-called 'Harmful Cultural Practices' (HCPs) and why such practices exist and persist despite the apparent harm that they cause.

The specific behaviours I am interested in include Female Genital Cutting (FGC), early marriage and early pregnancy, supplementary breastfeeding behaviours, and female autonomy and domestic violence. The UN and WHO recognise many other HCPs including dowry and bridewealth practices, milk teeth extraction, preferential treatment of male children and neglect of female children, nutritional taboos and traditional birth practices.

I am interested in examining whether evolutionary theory (human behavioural ecology and cultural evolution) can be useful in understanding the persistence of these behaviours. Using secondary data from West Africa I am looking to see if there is any evidence that these behaviours could be considered adaptive, in terms of increasing evolutionary fitness, for the women and families who practice them given the social and economic circumstances in which they live.

Structured keywords and research groupings

  • WUNcultures
  • Human Behavioural Ecology
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Cultural Evolution
  • Female Genital Cutting
  • Breastfeeding
  • Mali
  • Biological Anthropology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Janet A D Howard is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Research Output

  • 2 Article (Academic Journal)

Is there a link between paternity concern and female genital cutting in West Africa?

Howard, J. A. & Gibson, M. A., 1 Jan 2019, In : Evolution and Human Behavior. 40, 1, p. 1-11 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
  • 4 Citations (Scopus)
    160 Downloads (Pure)

    Frequency-dependent female genital cutting behaviour confers evolutionary fitness benefits

    Howard, J. & Gibson, M., 6 Feb 2017, In : Nature Ecology and Evolution. 1, 6 p., 0049.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

    Open Access
    File
  • 11 Citations (Scopus)
    340 Downloads (Pure)

    Supervised Work

    EXPLORING THE PERSISTENCE OF FEMALE GENITAL CUTTING AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    Author: Howard, J., 25 Jun 2019

    Supervisor: Gibson, M. (Supervisor) & Robson Brown, K. (Supervisor)

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)

    File