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Professor Munafò’s research focuses on understanding pathways into, and the consequences of, health behaviours and mental health, with a particular focus on tobacco and alcohol use. This work incudes: 1) observational and genetic epidemiology, and the use of a range of methods that enable stronger causal inference from observational data, such as negative control and Mendelian randomization methods; 2) the laboratory study of cognitive and neurobiological mechanistic pathways that underpin exposure-outcome relationships; and 3) the development of novel individual- and population-level interventions that target these mechanisms, including choice architecture interventions. This work has informed ongoing policy debates, such as the introduction of standardised (“plain”) packaging for tobacco products. He also has interests in the role of incentive structures in science, and the extent to which these shape the robustness and reproducibility of scientific research.
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Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years
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Facing up to Faces: Changing biases in face perception to improve emotional processing in mental health
1/04/12 → 1/04/14
Using Mendelian Randomisation to Establish the Causal Role of Cigarette Smoking in Anxiety and Depression
1/11/12 → 1/11/13
Button, K. S., Ioannidis, J. P. A., Mokrysz, C., Nosek, B. A., Flint, J., Robinson, E. S. J. & Munafò, M. R., May 2013, In: Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 14, p. 365-376 12 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-review4500 Citations (Scopus)
Increasing recognition of happiness in ambiguous facial expressions reduces anger and aggressive behaviorPenton-Voak, I. S., Thomas, J., Gage, S. H., McMurran, M., McDonald, S. & Munafò, M. R., May 2013, In: Psychological Science. 24, 5, p. 688-97 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-review121 Citations (Scopus)
Association between genetic variants on chromosome 15q25 locus and objective measures of tobacco exposureMunafò, M. R., Timofeeva, M. N., Morris, R. W., Prieto-Merino, D., Sattar, N., Brennan, P., Johnstone, E. C., Relton, C., Johnson, P. C. D., Walther, D., Whincup, P. H., Casas, J. P., Uhl, G. R., Vineis, P., Padmanabhan, S., Jefferis, B. J., Amuzu, A., Riboli, E., Upton, M. N., Aveyard, P., & 7 others, May 2012, In: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 104, 10, p. 740 - 748 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-review140 Citations (Scopus)
Confirmation of Covid infection status and reporting of Long Covid symptoms in a population-based birth cohort: No evidence of a nocebo effect
Macleod-Hall, C. (Creator), Munafo, M. R. (Creator) & Dyer, M. (Creator), University of Bristol, 9 Oct 2023
The relationship between body dissatisfaction and attentional bias to thin bodies in Malaysian Chinese and White Australian women: A dot probe study.
House, T. (Creator), Wong, H. K. (Creator), Samuel, N. W. (Creator), Stephen, I. (Creator), Brooks, K. (Creator), Bould, H. E. (Creator), Attwood, A. (Creator), Penton-Voak, I. S. (Creator) & Munafo, M. R. (Data Manager), University of Bristol, 16 Aug 2023
Genetic Analysis Script from Cognitive functioning in anxiety and depression: results from the ALSPAC cohort