Professor R S J Sparks

B.Sc., Ph.D.(Lond.), D.Sc.(Clermont-Ferrand), F.R.S., CBE

  • BS8 1RJ

1991 …2020

Research output per year

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Research Output

2020

Fabrics, facies, and flow through a large-volume ignimbrite: Pampa De Oxaya, Chile

Platzman, E., Sparks, R. S. J. & Cooper, F. J., 1 Jan 2020, In : Bulletin of Volcanology. 82, 1, 19 p., 8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

1 Citation (Scopus)

The polygenetic Kahouanne Seamounts in the northern Lesser Antilles island arc: Evidence for large-scale volcanic island subsidence

Carey, S., Sparks, R. S. J., Tucker, M. E., Li, T., Robinson, L., Watt, S. F. L., Gee, M., Hastie, A., Barfod, D. N., Stinton, A., Leng, M., Raineault, N. & Ballard, R. D., Jan 2020, In : Marine Geology. 419, 20 p., 106046.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

2019

Comment on: 'Petrography of the Snap Lake Kimberlite Dyke (Northwest Territories, Canada) and its Interaction with Country Rock Granitoids' by Fulop et al. (2018), Journal of Petrology, doi: 10.1093/petrology/egy025

Gernon, T. M., Sparks, R. S. J., Field, M., Ogilvie-Harris, R., Schumacher, J. C. & Brooker, R., 1 Mar 2019, In : Journal of Petrology. 60, 3, p. 649-659 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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2 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)

Forecasting explosion repose intervals with a non-parametric Bayesian survival model: Application to Sakura-jima volcano, Japan

Jenkins, S. F., Goldstein, H., Bebbington, M. S., Sparks, R. S. J. & Koyaguchi, T., 1 Sep 2019, In : Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 381, p. 44-56 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
2 Citations (Scopus)
128 Downloads (Pure)

Formation and dynamics of magma reservoirs

Sparks, S., Annen, C. J., Blundy, J., Cashman, K., Rust, A. & Jackson, M. D., 7 Jan 2019, In : Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 377, 2139, 30 p., 20190019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
23 Citations (Scopus)
555 Downloads (Pure)

Volatile behaviour in the 1995-2010 eruption of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat recorded by U-series disequilibria in mafic enclaves and andesite host

McGee, L., Reagan, M., Handley, H., Turner, S., Sparks, R. S., Berlo, K., Barclay, J. & Turner, M., 15 Oct 2019, In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 524, 115730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

2018

Causes of fragmented crystals in ignimbrites: a case study of the Cardones ignimbrite, Northern Chile

van Zalinge, M. E., Cashman, K. V. & Sparks, R. S. J., 1 Mar 2018, In : Bulletin of Volcanology. 80, 3, 15 p., 22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
5 Citations (Scopus)
247 Downloads (Pure)

Chemical differentiation, cold storage and remobilization of magma in the Earth’s crust

Jackson, M. D., Blundy, J. & Sparks, R. S. J., 20 Dec 2018, In : Nature. 564, 7736, p. 405-409 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
30 Citations (Scopus)
167 Downloads (Pure)

Petrogenesis and Assembly of the Don Manuel Igneous Complex, Miocene–Pliocene Porphyry Copper Belt, Central Chile

Gilmer, A., Sparks, S., Blundy, J., Rust, A., Hauff, F., Hoernle, K., Spencer, C. & tapster, S., Jun 2018, In : Journal of Petrology. 59, 6, p. 1067-1108 42 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
126 Downloads (Pure)

Quaternary landscape evolution of the Helmand Basin, Afghanistan: insights from staircase terraces, deltas, and paleoshorelines using high-resolution remote sensing analysis

Evenstar, L. A., Sparks, R. S. J., Cooper, F. J. & Lawton, M. N., 15 Jun 2018, In : Geomorphology. 311, p. 37-50 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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5 Citations (Scopus)
236 Downloads (Pure)

Reduced cooling following future volcanic eruptions

Hopcroft, P., Kandlbauer, J., Valdes, P. & Sparks, S., 1 Aug 2018, In : Climate Dynamics. 51, 4, p. 1449-1463 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
4 Citations (Scopus)
209 Downloads (Pure)

Regional and global under-recording of large explosive eruptions in the last 1000 years

Rougier, J., Sparks, S. & Cashman, K., 12 Jan 2018, In : Journal of Applied Volcanology. 7, 10 p., 1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
226 Downloads (Pure)

Risk perception at a persistently active volcano: warnings and trust at Popocatépetl volcano in Mexico, 2012–2014

Donovan, A., Ayala, I. A., Eiser, J. R. & Sparks, R. S. J., 1 May 2018, In : Bulletin of Volcanology. 80, 5, 16 p., 47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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5 Citations (Scopus)
215 Downloads (Pure)

Synthesis: PLUTONS: Investigating the relationship between pluton growth and volcanism in the Central Andes

Pritchard, M. E., de Silva, S. L., Michelfelder, G., Zandt, G., McNutt, S. R., Gottsmann, J., West, M. E., Blundy, J., Christensen, D. H., Finnegan, N. J., Minaya, E., Sparks, R. S. J., Sunagua, M., Unsworth, M. J., Alvizuri, C., Comeau, M. J., del Potro, R., Díaz, D., Diez, M., Farrell, A. & 11 others, Henderson, S. T., Jay, J. A., Lopez, T., Legrand, D., Naranjo, J. A., McFarlin, H., Muir, D., Perkins, J. P., Spica, Z., Wilder, A. & Ward, K. M., Jun 2018, In : Geosphere. 14, 3, p. 954-982 29 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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11 Citations (Scopus)
321 Downloads (Pure)

The global magnitude-frequency relationship for large explosive volcanic eruptions

Rougier, J., Sparks, S., Cashman, K. & Brown, S., 15 Jan 2018, In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 482, p. 621-629 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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15 Citations (Scopus)
291 Downloads (Pure)

The gravitational stability of lenses in magma mushes: confined Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities

Seropian, G., Rust, A. & Sparks, S., 1 May 2018, In : Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 123, 5, p. 3593-3607 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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6 Citations (Scopus)
196 Downloads (Pure)
2017

Application of Bayes Network analysis to RWGD siting: expert estimation of geological barrier effects due to climate change

Hincks, T., Aspinall, W. & Sparks, S., 4 Jun 2017, Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste. Apted, M. & Ahn, J. (eds.). Elsevier Inc., p. 551-581

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Dynamic magma systems: Implications for forecasting volcanic activity

Sparks, R. S. J. & Cashman, K. V., 1 Feb 2017, In : Elements. 13, 1, p. 35-40 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

41 Citations (Scopus)

Expert judgement elicitation: application to science issues in siting facilities for geological disposal of nuclear waste

Scourse, E., Aspinall, W., Chapman, N. & Sparks, S., 4 Jun 2017, Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste. Apted, M. & Ahn, J. (eds.). Elsevier Inc., p. 529-550

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Expert opinion and probabilistic volcanic risk assessment

Donovan, A., Eiser, J. R. & Sparks, R. S. J., 3 Jun 2017, In : Journal of Risk Research. 20, 6, p. 693-710 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
345 Downloads (Pure)

Geology of the Don Manuel igneous complex, central Chile: Implications for igneous processes in porphyry copper systems

Gilmer, A., Sparks, S., Rust, A., Tapster, S., Webb, A. & Barford, D. N., 1 Jul 2017, In : Geological Society of America Bulletin. 129, 7-8, p. 920-946 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
213 Downloads (Pure)

Geomorphology on geologic timescales: evolution of the late Cenozoic Pacific paleosurface in Northern Chile and Southern Peru

Evenstar, L. A., Mather, A. E., Hartley, A. J., Stuart, F. M., Sparks, R. S. J. & Cooper, F. J., Aug 2017, In : Earth-Science Reviews. 171, p. 1-27 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
28 Citations (Scopus)
279 Downloads (Pure)

Magma Emplacement Rates and Porphyry Copper Deposits: Thermal Modeling of the Yerington Batholith, Nevada

Schöpa, A., Annen, C., Dilles, J. H., Sparks, R. S. J. & Blundy, J. D., Nov 2017, In : Economic Geology. 112, 7, p. 1653-1672 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
5 Citations (Scopus)
186 Downloads (Pure)

Petrogenesis of the large-volume cardones ignimbrite, Chile; development and destabilization of a complex magma-mush system

van Zalinge, M. E., Sparks, R. S. J. & Blundy, J. D., 28 Dec 2017, In : Journal of Petrology. 58, 10, p. 1975-2006 32 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
5 Citations (Scopus)
187 Downloads (Pure)

Report on potential sampling biases in the LaMEVE database of global volcanism

Deligne, N. I., Sparks, R. S. J. & Brown, S. K., 25 May 2017, In : Journal of Applied Volcanology. 6, 5 p., 7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
1 Citation (Scopus)
247 Downloads (Pure)

Thermomechanical modeling of the Altiplano-Puna deformation anomaly: Multiparameter insights into magma mush reorganization

Gottsmann, J., Blundy, J., Henderson, S., Pritchard, M. & Sparks, S., Aug 2017, In : Geosphere. 13, 4, p. 1042-1065 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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14 Citations (Scopus)
306 Downloads (Pure)

Understanding causality and uncertainty in volcanic observations: An example of forecasting eruptive activity on Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Sheldrake, T. E., Aspinall, W. P., Odbert, H. M., Wadge, G. & Sparks, R. S. J., 15 Jul 2017, In : Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 341, p. 287-300 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
346 Downloads (Pure)

Using ignimbrites to quantify structural relief growth and understand deformation processes: Implications for the development of the Western Andean Slope, northernmost Chile

Van Zalinge, M., Sparks, S., Evenstar, L., Cooper, F., Aslin, J. & Condon, D., Feb 2017, In : Lithosphere. 9, 1, p. 29-45 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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7 Citations (Scopus)
263 Downloads (Pure)

Vertically extensive and unstable magmatic systems: a unified view of igneous processes

Cashman, K. V., Sparks, R. S. J. & Blundy, J. D., 24 Mar 2017, In : Science. 355, 6331, 9 p., 1280.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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201 Citations (Scopus)
905 Downloads (Pure)

Volcanic fatalities database: analysis of volcanic threat with distance and victim classification

Brown, S., Jenkins, S., Sparks, S., Odbert, H. & Auker, M., 20 Sep 2017, In : Journal of Applied Volcanology. 6, 1, 20 p., 15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
23 Citations (Scopus)
387 Downloads (Pure)
2016

Compressible vapour flow in conduits and fractures

Huppert, H. E. & Sparks, R. S., Sep 2016, In : Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 802, p. 750-759 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

4 Citations (Scopus)

Early Miocene large-volume ignimbrites of the Oxaya Formation, Central Andes

Van Zalinge, M. E., Sparks, R. S. J., Cooper, F. J. & Condon, D. J., Sep 2016, In : Journal of the Geological Society. 173, 5, p. 716-733 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
10 Citations (Scopus)
316 Downloads (Pure)

Ethiopian volcanic hazards: A changing research landscape

Vye-Brown, C., Sparks, R. S. J., Lewi, E., Mewa, G., Asrat, A., Loughlin, S. C., Mee, K. & Wright, T. J., 2016, Geological Society Special Publication. 1 ed. Geological Society of London, Vol. 420. p. 355-365 11 p. (Geological Society Special Publication; vol. 420, no. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

5 Citations (Scopus)

Global recording rates for large eruptions

Rougier, J., Sparks, S. & Cashman, K., 1 Dec 2016, In : Journal of Applied Volcanology. 5, 1, 10 p., 11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
14 Citations (Scopus)
263 Downloads (Pure)

Increased rates of large-magnitude explosive eruptions in Japan in the late Neogene and Quaternary

Mahony, S. H., Sparks, R. S. J., Wallace, L. M., Engwell, S. L., Scourse, E. M., Barnard, N. H., Kandlbauer, J. & Brown, S. K., Jul 2016, In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 17, 7, p. 2467-2479 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
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10 Citations (Scopus)
217 Downloads (Pure)

Interpretation of umbrella cloud growth and morphology: implications for flow regimes of short-lived and long-lived eruptions

Pouget, S., Bursik, M. I., Johnson, C., Hogg, A. J., Phillips, J. C. & Sparks, R. S. J., 1 Jan 2016, In : Bulletin of Volcanology. 78, 19 p., 1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
7 Citations (Scopus)
318 Downloads (Pure)

Similarities and differences in the historical records of lava dome-building volcanoes: Implications for understanding magmatic processes and eruption forecasting

Sheldrake, T., Sparks, R. S. J., Cashman, K. V., Wadge, G. & Aspinall, W. P., Sep 2016, In : Earth-Science Reviews. 160, p. 240-263 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)

Open Access
File
24 Citations (Scopus)
336 Downloads (Pure)
2015

An introduction to global volcanic hazard and risk

Loughlin, S., Vye-Brown, C., Sparks, S., Brown, S., Barclay, J., Calder, E., Cottrell, E., Jolly, G., Komorowski, J. C., Mandeville, C., Newhall, C., Palma, J., Potter, S. & Valentine, G., 28 Jul 2015, Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 1-80

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

An objective method for the production of isopach maps and implications for the estimation of tephra deposit volumes and their uncertainties

Engwell, S. L., Aspinall, W. P. & Sparks, R. S. J., 18 Jul 2015, In : Bulletin of Volcanology. 77, 7, 61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

25 Citations (Scopus)

Construction and evolution of igneous bodies: Towards an integrated perspective of crustal magmatism

Annen, C., Blundy, J. D., Leuthold, J. & Sparks, R. S. J., 1 Aug 2015, In : Lithos. 230, p. 206-221 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

98 Citations (Scopus)

Crustal-scale degassing due to magma system destabilization and magma-gas decoupling at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Christopher, T. E., Blundy, J., Cashman, K., Cole, P., Edmonds, M., Smith, P. J., Sparks, R. S. J. & Stinton, A., 2015, In : Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 16, 9, p. 2797-2811

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

62 Citations (Scopus)

Development of a new global Volcanic Hazard Index (VHI)

Auker, M., Sparks, S., Jenkins, S., Aspinall, W., Brown, S. K., Deligne, N., Jolly, G., Loughlin, S., Marzocchi, W., Newhall, C. & Palma, J., 28 Jul 2015, Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. Loughlin, S., Sparks, S., Brown, S., Jenkins, S. & Vye-Brown, C. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 349-358

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Generation of porphyry copper deposits by gas-brine reaction in volcanic arcs

Blundy, J., Mavrogenes, J., Tattitch, B., Sparks, S. & Gilmer, A., Mar 2015, In : Nature Geoscience. 8, 3, p. 235-240 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

74 Citations (Scopus)

Global distribution of volcanic threat

Brown, S., Sparks, S. & Jenkins, S., 28 Jul 2015, Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. Loughlin, S., Sparks, S., Brown, S., Jenkins, S. & Vye-Brown, C. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 359-370

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Global volcanic hazard and risk

Brown, S., Loughlin, S., Sparks, S., Vye-Brown, C., Barclay, J., Calder, E., Cottrell, E., Jolly, G., Komorowski, J-C., Mandeville, C., Newhall, C., Palma, J., Potter, S. & Valentine, G., 28 Jul 2015, Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. Loughlin, S., Sparks, S., Brown, S., Jenkins, S. & Vye-Brown, C. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 81-172

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk

Loughlin, S. (ed.), Sparks, S. (ed.), Brown, S. (ed.), Jenkins, S. (ed.) & Vye-Brown, C. (ed.), 28 Jul 2015, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 408 p.

Research output: Book/ReportEdited book

How many explosive eruptions are missing from the geologic record? Analysis of the quaternary record of large magnitude explosive eruptions in Japan

Kiyosugi, K., Connor, C., Sparks, S., Crosweller, S., Brown, S., Siebert, L., Wang, T. & Takarada, S., 24 Jul 2015, In : Journal of Applied Volcanology. 4, 15 p., 17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

20 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)

Modelling intrusions through quiescent and moving ambients

Johnson, C. G., Hogg, A. J., Huppert, H. E., Sparks, R. S. J., Phillips, J. C., Slim, A. C. & Woodhouse, M. J., 25 May 2015, In : Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 771, p. 370-406 37 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

13 Citations (Scopus)