Projects per year
My research interests lie in the development and application of computational methods in population health sciences. I am involved in a wide range of different projects and am always interested in hearing from potential PhD students or postdoctoral researchers. A selection of my research interests:
I am interested in understanding the mechanisms of disease, and approach this through the integration of diverse biomedical and epidemiological data and the development of software tools for analysis of these data. One of our key developments is EpiGraphDB, a database that integrates epidemiological and biomedical data to support mechanism discovery and aid causal inference.
The MR-Base platform aims to systematise causal inference using Mendelian randomization [Gib Hemani, Philip Haycock and Jie (Chris) Zheng]. MR-Base integrates an extensive database of genome-wide association study data (the MRC-IEU OpenGWAS database) with Mendelian randomization methods in both a user-friendly web application and a comprehensive R package. We have applied this to the systematic causal analysis of a wide array of risk factors and diseases and the prioritization of drug targets.
The MELODI platform aims to mine mechanistic pathways from the biomedical literature [Ben Elsworth]. The software searches for overlapping terms between two literature sets that represent two different entities (eg a risk factor and a disease). Enriched overlapping terms may represent candidate mechanisms for further investigation. MELODI is paralleled by the TeMMPo platform (developed in collaboration with WCRF), which assesses the literature for number of publications underpinning hypothesised mechanistic pathways.
As co-I of the BBSRC-funded ARIES project I led the bioinformatics workpackage in generating, QC’ing and normalizing the data, and have subsequently been involved in over 20 papers utilizing these data (including a major methylation QTL analysis published in Genome Biology in 2016). The methylation QTL derived from the ARIES data are presented in our online mQTLdb, and ongoing work with the GoDMC consortium will substantially extend the scale of this analysis.
I have interests in the application of machine learning approaches to molecular data, and (with Colin Campbell) have published tools that predict the functional effects of genetic variants (the widely-used FATHMM suite of tools), haploinsufficiency (HIPred) and breast cancer survival (FS-MKL).
Research group and funding
My group currently comprises 7 postdoctoral researchers and 6 PhD students. I lead a programme in Data Mining in the MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, and have PI funding for collaborative projects with GlaxoSmithKline, Biogen and the CHDI foundation. As co-investigator on the CRUK Integrative Cancer Epidemiology programme I lead a bioinformatics cross-cutting strand, and as a co-investigator on the Bristol NIHR Biomedical Research Centre I co-lead a work-strand within the Translational Population Sciences theme. I am an Executive Board member for the ALSPAC cohort.
Postgraduate research career support
I am a co-director of the Wellcome Molecular, Genetic and Lifecourse Epidemiology PhD programme and PGR co-director for Bristol Medical School.
1/05/18 → 30/04/23
1/08/16 → …
The causal effects of serum lipids and apolipoproteins on kidney function: multivariable and bidirectional Mendelian randomization analysesRasheed, H., Zheng, J., Rees, J., Sanderson, E., Thomas, L., Richardson, T. G., Fang, S., Bekkevold, O-J., Stovner, E. B., Gabrielsen, M. E., Skogholt, A. H., Romundstad, S., Brumpton, B., Hallan, S., Willer, C., Burgess, S., Hveem, K., Davey Smith, G., Gaunt, T. R. & Asvold, B. O., 18 Jan 2021, (Accepted/In press) In: International Journal of Epidemiology.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-review
Lyon, M. S., Andrews, S., Elsworth, B. L., Gaunt, T. R., Hemani, G. & Marcora, E., 13 Jan 2021, In: Genome Biology. 22, 1, 10 p., 32.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile14 Downloads (Pure)
ANNALS EXPRESS: Establishing reference intervals for triglyceride containing lipoprotein sub-fraction metabolites measured using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in a UK populationJoshi, R., Lawlor, D. A., Wannamethee, S. G., Engmann, J., Gaunt, T. R., Price, J. F., Papacosta, O., Shah, T., Tillin, T., Whincup, P., Chaturvedi, N., Kivimaki, M. J., Kuh, D., Kumari, M., Hughes, A. D., Casas, J-P., Humphries, S. E., Hingorani, A. D. & Schmidt, A. F., 16 Sep 2020, In: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article (Academic Journal) › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile31 Downloads (Pure)
Shihab, H. A. (Creator), Gaunt, T. R. (Creator), Relton, C. L. (Creator), Hemani, G. (Creator), Davey Smith, G. (Creator), Woodward, G. (Contributor), McArdle, W. L. (Contributor), Evans, D. M. (Contributor), Zheng, J. (Contributor), Min, J. L. (Contributor), Ho, K. M. (Contributor), Ring, S. M. (Contributor), Lyttleton, O. (Contributor), Duggirala, A. (Contributor) & Gaunt, T. R. (Data Manager), University of Bristol, 9 Mar 2016