Predictors and outcomes of traumatic brain injury (concussion) in children

Project Details


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is injured by external forces – either a blow to the head, or rapid starting/stopping of movement. TBI may be unintentional (accidental) or intentional (inflicted).

Most TBIs are unintentional, and are the leading cause of death and disability in people aged 1-40 years in the UK. In England and Wales, 1.4 million people per year attend emergency departments due to head injury, and approximately half of these are children aged less than 15 years.

TBI, even when mild, can cause long term problems. Mild TBI is commonly known as concussion, and this can lead on to post-concussion syndrome, a condition which affects every aspect of life through physical and psychological symptoms, which may affect social interaction and academic performance. This may be particularly problematic in children whose brains are still developing.

Intentional TBI is also known as abusive head trauma (AHT), which occurs either from violent shaking or blunt impact. This occurs primarily in young children, and AHT is the commonest serious injury in infants under six months of age.

The overall objective of this project is to identify predictors for (i) abusive head trauma in children under 1 year old, (ii) concussion in children aged 1-17, and (iii) post-concussion syndrome in children aged 1-17.

Results from this study will help medical professionals to reduce the risk of abusive head trauma, concussion, and post-concussion syndrome, and improve outcomes for these children.
Effective start/end date1/01/2031/12/23


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