3-D printed composites with ultrasonically arranged complex microstructure

Tom Llewellyn-Jones, Richard Trask, Robert Allen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

1 Citation (Scopus)
1561 Downloads (Pure)


This paper demonstrates the efficacy of implementing ultrasonic manipulation within a modified form of stereolithographic 3D printing to form complex microstructures in printed components. Currently 3D printed components are limited both in terms of structural performance and specialised functionality. This study aims to demonstrate a novel method for 3D printing composite materials, by arranging microparticles suspended within a photocurable resin. The resin is selectively cured by a 3-axis gantry-mounted 405nm laser. Ultrasonic forces are used to arrange the microfibres into predetermined patterns within the resin, with unidirectional microfibre alignment and a hexagonal lattice structure demonstrated. An example of dynamic microstructure variation within a single print layer is also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPIE Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication 2016, 97970A
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2016


  • Composites
  • 3D printing
  • Ultrasonics
  • Lasers


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