3D Bioprinting: The Emergence of Programmable Biodesign

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Until recently, bioprinting was largely limited to highly interdisciplinary research teams, as the process requires significant input from specialists in the fields of materials science, engineering, and cell biology. With the advent of commercially available high‐performance bioprinters, the field has become accessible to a wider range of research groups, who can now buy the hardware off the shelf instead of having to build it from scratch. As a result, bioprinting has rapidly expanded to address a wide array of research foci, which include organotypic in vitro models, complex engineered tissues, and even bioprinted microbial systems. Moreover, in the early days, the range of suitable bioinks was limited. Now, there is a plethora of viable options to suit many cell phenotypes. This rapidly evolving dynamic environment creates endless opportunities for scientists to design and construct highly complex biological systems. However, this scientific diversity presents its own set of challenges, such as defining standardized protocols for characterizing bioprinted structures, which is essential for eventual organ replacement. In this progress report, the current state‐of‐the‐art in the field of bioprinting is discussed, with a special emphasis on recent hardware developments, bioprinting for regenerative medicine, and late‐breaking nontraditional topics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2019

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