3D Printed Reactionware for Synthetic Electrochemistry with Hydrogen Fluoride Reagents

David M Heard, Sayad Doobary, Alastair J J Lennox*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


Electrochemical fluorination reactions of organic compounds frequently employ hydrogen fluoride reagents that are corrosive. The corrosive nature of these reagents necessitates either the construction or purchase of cells that are stable to hydrogen fluoride, which require high-cost materials, machining time and expertise. Herein, we offer an alternative solution using 3D printing, which is an inexpensive and rapid manufacturing technique. We have designed, printed and shared four different cell types in polypropylene and tested them in an electrochemical alkene difluorination reaction in the presence of triethylamine•3HF and pyridinium poly(HF).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2070-2074
Number of pages5
Issue number11
Early online date14 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the Royal Society (University Research Fellowship and Enhancement award to AJJL), EPSRC (EP/T001631/1, EP/S018050/1 and EP/G036764/1) and GSK for funding, and Sarah Coppock (University of Bristol) for preliminary studies.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. ChemElectroChem published by Wiley-VCH GmbH

Structured keywords

  • BCS and TECS CDTs


  • 3D printing
  • CAD
  • fluorination
  • synthetic electrochemistry
  • alkenes


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