3D ultrasound characterization of woven composites

Rostand B. Tayong*, Martin J. Mienczakowski, Robert A. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

3 Citations (Scopus)
283 Downloads (Pure)


Recent studies on the Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) of composites for the aerospace industry have led to an understanding of ultrasonic propagation in these materials [1]. Techniques for enhanced ultrasonic imaging of the internal structure of composite laminates containing unidirectional fibers have been proposed and tested in a laboratory environment. For the automotive industry, textile composites are often preferred and widely used. The reason for this is that these types of composites offer good mechanical performance, with resistance to delamination and reduced manufacturing costs. In this study, two models are developed and shown to be suitable to characterize the woven specimen. The first model is a 1D analytical model that makes simplified assumptions and the second is a 3D time-domain Finite Element (FE) model developed [2] for advanced understanding of the woven composite response to an ultrasonic excitation. For each of the proposed models, three parameters are defined and used to analyze the structure behavior. They are the instantaneous amplitude, instantaneous phase and instantaneous frequency. These parameters are employed to track the in-plane fiber orientation and the ply-interface location and for the sentencing of features. Three different specimens with the following weave type: 3D orthogonal, 2D plain and Multilayer stitching were considered and scanned (using a focused ultrasonic transducer) to validate the proposed models. As a preliminary study, the work only focuses on the Orthogonal weave specimen. The results obtained from experimental, analytical and FE modeling, B-scan and C-scan are compared, discussed and presented in terms of the above defined parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication44th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics (AIP)
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416444
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2018
Event44th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2017 - Provo, United States
Duration: 16 Jul 201721 Jul 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference44th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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