59-year-old female with breathlessness

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CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 59-year-old female underwent an electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiographic screening. Her brother died at quite a young age of kidney failure. Resting ECG showed borderline voltage criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), with marked widespread T-wave inversion. Echocardiogram was normal, but in consideration of exertional breathlessness and abnormal baseline ECG, she underwent a coronary angiogram, which showed unobstructed coronaries. She was then referred to have a cardiac MR (CMR) for further characterisation. CMR images were acquired with a 1.5 T scanner and the imaging protocol included Steady-State Free Precession (SSFP) cine images (Figure 1A) as well as late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images in the long-axis and short-axis planes covering the whole left ventricle (Figure 1B). In addition, native and postcontrast T1 mapping (Modified Look-Locker (MOLLI)) images were acquired for further tissue characterisation (Figure 1C and D, respectively).

QUESTION: What is the most likely diagnosis based on CMR findings? Anderson-Fabry's disease (AFD)Cardiac amyloidosisGenotype (+), phenotype (-) hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)Myocardial iron overloadNormal heart.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1654
Number of pages2
Issue number20
Early online date15 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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