5G Fronthaul - Latency and Jitter Studies of CPRI over Ethernet

Koteswararao Kondepu, Divya Chitimalla, luca Valcarenghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)
771 Downloads (Pure)


Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) is a successful industry cooperation defining the publicly available specification for the key internal interface of radio base stations between the radio equipment control (REC) and the radio equipment (RE) in the fronthaul of mobile networks. However, CPRI is expensive to deploy, consumes large bandwidth, and currently is statically configured. On the other hand, an Ethernet-based mobile fronthaul will be cost-efficient and more easily reconfigurable. Encapsulating CPRI over Ethernet (CoE) is an attractive solution, but stringent CPRI requirements such as delay and jitter are major challenges that need to be met to make CoE a reality. This study investigates whether CoE can meet delay and jitter requirements by performing FPGA-based Verilog experiments and simulations. Verilog experiments show that CoE encapsulation with fixed Ethernet frame size requires about tens of microseconds. Numerical experiments show that the proposed scheduling policy of CoE flows on Ethernet can reduce jitter when redundant Ethernet capacity is provided. The reduction in jitter can be as large as 1 μs, hence making Ethernet-based mobile fronthaul a credible technology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-182
JournalIEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


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