A case of exceptional reading accuracy in a child with Down syndrome: Underlying skills and the relation to reading comprehension

Marguerite Groen, Glynis J Laws, Kate Nation, Dorothy V M Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on a case of a girl with Down syndrome (DS), K.S., whose reading accuracy is exceptional. This ability is associated with robust phonological skills and relative strengths in visual and verbal short-term memory, articulation, and speech fluency. Although her reading comprehension is age appropriate when it comes to the retention of literal information, K.S. has some difficulties in using knowledge-based inferences in reading comprehension. Reading comprehension in that sense
is at a level commensurate with her oral language skills. Her reading performance parallels that of children with reading comprehension difficulties who do not have DS. This reading profile is in contrast with claims that individuals with DS mainly use sight-word strategies in reading and shows that the phonological pathway can be highly proficient in a child with DS. However, even in a case such as K.S. where reading accuracy is good, functional literacy is constrained by limited comprehension skills.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1190-1214
Number of pages25
JournalCognitive Neuropsychology
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Down syndrome
  • reading
  • reading comprehension
  • case study

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