Asphyxia accounts for 23% of the 4 million annual global neonatal deaths. In developed countries, the incidence of death or severe disability after hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy is 1–2/1000 infants born at term. Hypothermia (HT) benefits newborns post-HI and is rapidly entering clinical use. Xenon (Xe), a scarce and expensive anesthetic, combined with HT markedly increases neuroprotection in small animal HI models. The low-Xe uptake of the patient favors the use of closed-circuit breathing system for efficiency and economy. We developed a system for delivering Xe to mechanically ventilated neonates, then investigated its technical and practical feasibility in a previously described neonatal pig model approximating the clinical scenario of global HI injury, prolonged Xe delivery with and without HT as a potential therapy, subsequent neonatal intensive care unit management, and tracheal extubation.
|Translated title of the contribution||A closed-circuit neonatal xenon delivery system: technical neuroprotection feasibility study in newborn pigs|
|Pages (from-to)||451 - 460|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Anesthesia and Analgesia|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Aug 2009|