A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites

Rhys J. Tapper, Marco L. Longana*, Ian Hamerton, Kevin D. Potter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)
173 Downloads (Pure)


The effects of a closed-loop recycling methodology are evaluated for degradation using a discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 (CFPA6) composite material. The process comprises two fundamental steps: reclamation and remanufacture. The material properties are analysed over two recycling loops, and CFPA6 specimens show a total decrease of 39.7% (±3.5) in tensile stiffness and 40.4% (±6.1) in tensile strength. The results of polymer characterisation and fibre analysis suggested that the stiffness reduction was likely due to fibre misalignments primarily caused by fibre agglomerations, as a result of incomplete fibre separation, and by fibre breakages from high compaction pressures. The ultimate tensile strain was statistically invariable as a function of recycling loop which indicated minimal variation in polymer structure as a function of recycling loop. To the authors’ best knowledge, the mechanical performance of the virgin CFPA6 is the highest observed for any aligned discontinuous carbon fibre thermoplastic composites in the literature. This is also true for recycled specimens, which are the highest observed for any recycled thermoplastic composite, and, for any recycled discontinuous carbon fibre composite with either thermosetting or thermoplastic matrices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107418
Number of pages12
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Early online date18 Sept 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2019


  • Compression moulding
  • Discontinuous reinforcement
  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Recycling


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