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A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites

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A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites. / Tapper, Rhys J.; Longana, Marco L.; Hamerton, Ian; Potter, Kevin D.

In: Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 179, 107418, 15.12.2019.

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Tapper, Rhys J. ; Longana, Marco L. ; Hamerton, Ian ; Potter, Kevin D. / A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites. In: Composites Part B: Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 179.

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@article{8f9f0e6f5c734ffe94948ffa372d0166,
title = "A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites",
abstract = "The effects of a closed-loop recycling methodology are evaluated for degradation using a discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 (CFPA6) composite material. The process comprises two fundamental steps: reclamation and remanufacture. The material properties are analysed over two recycling loops, and CFPA6 specimens show a total decrease of 39.7{\%} (±3.5) in tensile stiffness and 40.4{\%} (±6.1) in tensile strength. The results of polymer characterisation and fibre analysis suggested that the stiffness reduction was likely due to fibre misalignments primarily caused by fibre agglomerations, as a result of incomplete fibre separation, and by fibre breakages from high compaction pressures. The ultimate tensile strain was statistically invariable as a function of recycling loop which indicated minimal variation in polymer structure as a function of recycling loop. To the authors’ best knowledge, the mechanical performance of the virgin CFPA6 is the highest observed for any aligned discontinuous carbon fibre thermoplastic composites in the literature. This is also true for recycled specimens, which are the highest observed for any recycled thermoplastic composite, and, for any recycled discontinuous carbon fibre composite with either thermosetting or thermoplastic matrices.",
keywords = "Compression moulding, Discontinuous reinforcement, Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs), Recycling",
author = "Tapper, {Rhys J.} and Longana, {Marco L.} and Ian Hamerton and Potter, {Kevin D.}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107418",
language = "English",
volume = "179",
journal = "Composites Part B: Engineering",
issn = "1359-8368",
publisher = "Elsevier Science",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - A closed-loop recycling process for discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 composites

AU - Tapper, Rhys J.

AU - Longana, Marco L.

AU - Hamerton, Ian

AU - Potter, Kevin D.

PY - 2019/12/15

Y1 - 2019/12/15

N2 - The effects of a closed-loop recycling methodology are evaluated for degradation using a discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 (CFPA6) composite material. The process comprises two fundamental steps: reclamation and remanufacture. The material properties are analysed over two recycling loops, and CFPA6 specimens show a total decrease of 39.7% (±3.5) in tensile stiffness and 40.4% (±6.1) in tensile strength. The results of polymer characterisation and fibre analysis suggested that the stiffness reduction was likely due to fibre misalignments primarily caused by fibre agglomerations, as a result of incomplete fibre separation, and by fibre breakages from high compaction pressures. The ultimate tensile strain was statistically invariable as a function of recycling loop which indicated minimal variation in polymer structure as a function of recycling loop. To the authors’ best knowledge, the mechanical performance of the virgin CFPA6 is the highest observed for any aligned discontinuous carbon fibre thermoplastic composites in the literature. This is also true for recycled specimens, which are the highest observed for any recycled thermoplastic composite, and, for any recycled discontinuous carbon fibre composite with either thermosetting or thermoplastic matrices.

AB - The effects of a closed-loop recycling methodology are evaluated for degradation using a discontinuous carbon fibre polyamide 6 (CFPA6) composite material. The process comprises two fundamental steps: reclamation and remanufacture. The material properties are analysed over two recycling loops, and CFPA6 specimens show a total decrease of 39.7% (±3.5) in tensile stiffness and 40.4% (±6.1) in tensile strength. The results of polymer characterisation and fibre analysis suggested that the stiffness reduction was likely due to fibre misalignments primarily caused by fibre agglomerations, as a result of incomplete fibre separation, and by fibre breakages from high compaction pressures. The ultimate tensile strain was statistically invariable as a function of recycling loop which indicated minimal variation in polymer structure as a function of recycling loop. To the authors’ best knowledge, the mechanical performance of the virgin CFPA6 is the highest observed for any aligned discontinuous carbon fibre thermoplastic composites in the literature. This is also true for recycled specimens, which are the highest observed for any recycled thermoplastic composite, and, for any recycled discontinuous carbon fibre composite with either thermosetting or thermoplastic matrices.

KW - Compression moulding

KW - Discontinuous reinforcement

KW - Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)

KW - Recycling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073727222&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107418

DO - 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107418

M3 - Article

VL - 179

JO - Composites Part B: Engineering

JF - Composites Part B: Engineering

SN - 1359-8368

M1 - 107418

ER -