A comparison of Doppler, tissue Doppler imaging, and strain rate imaging in the assessment of postexercise left ventricular function

Rob Shave, Keith George, Greg Whyte, Natalie Middleton, Emma Hart, Nigel Artis, David Oxborough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Left ventricular (LV) function is characterized by contraction in the longitudinal, radial, and circumferential planes. Previous studies of postexercise changes in LV function have assessed global indices of LV function. The purpose of this study was to use 2-dimensional (2D) strain analysis to examine LV function following marathon running in the circumferential, radial, and longitudinal planes, and to compare these data with other global and regional indices of function. Fifteen (mean +/- SD: age, 32 +/- 7 years; stature, 1.76 +/- 0.08 m; body mass, 77.8 +/- 8.2 kg) competitors in the London Marathon were echocardiographically assessed pre- and postrace. 2D strain (ejection fraction (EF), Doppler (early (E) and late (A) trans-mitral filling), tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) (systolic (S') and early diastolic (E') wall-motion velocities); TDI-derived longitudinal strain (epsilon(TDI)), and systolic and diastolic strain rate (SR(TDI)); and 2D-derived peak circumferential, radial, and longitudinal strain (epsilon(2D)), and systolic and diastolic strain rate (SR(2D)) were examined. Differences pre- and postrace completion were assessed using paired tau tests, with alpha set at 0.01. All participants completed the marathon in a mean time of 213 +/- 41 min. A varied response was observed for measures of LV systolic and diastolic function following completion of the marathon (mean +/- SD): EF, 63 +/- 6 vs. 63 +/- 7% (p > 0.01); E:A, 1.70 +/- 0.37 vs. 1.17 +/- 0.37; E':A', 2.36 +/- 0.79 vs. 1.60 +/- 0.57 (p < 0.01); mean longitudinal epsilon(TDI), 19.1 +/- 5.1 vs. 17.5 +/- 4.2% (p < 0.01); mean longitudinal diastolic SR(TDI), 1.81 +/- 0.54 vs. 1.58 +/- 0.51 x s(-1) (p < 0.01); mean longitudinal systolic SR(2D), 0.73 +/- 0.21 vs. 0.97 +/- 0.22 x s(-1) (p < 0.01); mean longitudinal diastolic SR(2D), 0.94 +/- 0.34 vs. 1.01 +/- 0.23 x s(-1) (p > 0.01); mean radial systolic SR(2D), 1.20 +/- 0.15 vs. 1.45 +/- 0.32 x s(-1) (p < 0.01); mean radial diastolic SR(2D), 1.19 +/- 0.25 vs. 1.29 +/- 0.41 x s(-1) (p > 0.01); mean circumferential systolic SR(2D), -1.09 +/- 0.16 vs. -1.24 +/- 0.18 x s(-1) (p < 0.01); and mean circumferential diastolic SR(2D), -1.27 +/- 0.28 vs. -1.22 +/- 0.31 x s(-1) (p > 0.01). Marathon running promotes a varied echocardiographic response, with some functional parameters showing no change, some increasing, and some decreasing postexercise. This varied response likely reflects the complexities of cardiac function and highlights the need to adopt a multimodality approach when assessing cardiac function following exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33 - 39
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Physical Endurance
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Running
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Stroke Volume
  • Time Factors
  • Ventricular Function, Left

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