A comprehensive review on the design and optimization of surface water quality monitoring networks

Jiping Jiang*, Sijie Tang, Dawei Han, Guangtao Fu, Dimitri Solomatine, Yi Zheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)
192 Downloads (Pure)


The surface water quality monitoring network (WQMN) is crucial for effective water environment management. How to design an optimal monitoring network is an important scientific and engineering problem that presents a special challenge in the smart city era. This comprehensive review provides a timely and systematic overview and analysis on quantitative design approaches. Bibliometric analysis shows the chronological pattern, journal distribution, authorship, citation and country pattern. Administration types of water bodies and design methods are classified. The flexibility characteristics of four types of direct design methods and optimization objectives are systematically summarized, and conclusions are drawn from experiences with WQMN parameters, station locations, and sampling frequency and water quality indicators. This paper concludes by identifying four main future directions that should be pursued by the research community. This review sheds light on how to better design and construct WQMNs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104792
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironmental Modelling and Software
Early online date16 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Structured keywords

  • Water and Environmental Engineering


  • monitoring network design
  • optimization
  • sampling frequency
  • station location
  • surface water quality
  • smart city


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