A critical assessment of the long-term changes in the wintertime surface Arctic Oscillation and Northern Hemisphere storminess in the ERA20C reanalysis

H C Bloomfield, L C Shaffrey, K I Hodges, P L Vidale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

his study investigates the robustness of the long-term changes in the wintertime surface Arctic Oscillation (AO) in the ERA20C reanalysis. A statistically significant trend in the AO is found in ERA20C over the period 1900–2010. These long-term changes in the AO are not found in two other observational datasets. The long-term change in the AO in ERA20C is associated with statistically significant negative trend (approximately −6 hPa per century) in mean-sea level pressure (MSLP) over the Northern Hemisphere polar regions. This is not seen in the HADSLP2 observational dataset, suggesting that the trends in the ERA20C AO index may be spurious. The spurious long-term changes in MSLP and the AO index in ERA20C result in a strengthening of the meridional MSLP gradient in ERA20C. The strengthening of the meridional MSLP gradient is consistent with increases in wintertime storminess in Northern Europe and the NH high latitudes.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Article number094004
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • wind storms
  • insurance
  • reanalysis
  • Cyclone
  • Climate impacts

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