The two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic models are often infeasible for real-time operations. In this paper, a deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based method is presented for rapid fluvial flood modelling. The CNN model is trained using outputs from a two-dimensional hydraulic model (i.e. LISFLOOD-FP) to predict water depths. The pre-trained model is then applied to simulate the flooding event that occurred in Carlisle, UK, in January 2005. The predictions are compared against the outputs produced by the calibrated LISFLOOD-FP. The performance of the CNN is also compared with a support vector regression (SVR)-based method. The results show that the CNN model outperforms SVR by a large margin. The model is highly accurate in capturing flooded cells as indicated by several quantitative assessment matrices, e.g., the estimated error for the peak flood depth is 0-0.2 meters for 97% cells of the domain when 99% confidence level is drawn. The proposed method offers great potential for real-time applications considering its simplicity, superior performance and computational efficiency.
|Journal||Journal of Hydrology|
|Early online date||6 Sep 2020|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 6 Sep 2020|
Bibliographical note39 pages, 15 figures, 7 tables