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A general expression for the reproductive value of information

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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A general expression for the reproductive value of information. / Pike, Rebecca K; McNamara, John M; Houston, Alasdair I.

In: Behavioral Ecology, Vol. 27, No. 5, arw044, 09.2016, p. 1296-1303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Pike, RK, McNamara, JM & Houston, AI 2016, 'A general expression for the reproductive value of information', Behavioral Ecology, vol. 27, no. 5, arw044, pp. 1296-1303. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arw044

APA

Pike, R. K., McNamara, J. M., & Houston, A. I. (2016). A general expression for the reproductive value of information. Behavioral Ecology, 27(5), 1296-1303. [arw044]. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arw044

Vancouver

Pike RK, McNamara JM, Houston AI. A general expression for the reproductive value of information. Behavioral Ecology. 2016 Sep;27(5):1296-1303. arw044. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arw044

Author

Pike, Rebecca K ; McNamara, John M ; Houston, Alasdair I. / A general expression for the reproductive value of information. In: Behavioral Ecology. 2016 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 1296-1303.

Bibtex

@article{fbf01fd3a61645cbab4e8b3ab3b7b912,
title = "A general expression for the reproductive value of information",
abstract = "Information transfer and utilization is ubiquitous in nature. Animals can increase their reproductive value by changing their behavior in light of new information. Previous work has shown that the reproductive value of information can never be negative given an animal behaves optimally. Statistical decision theory uses Bayes’ theorem as a mathematical tool to model how animals process information gained from their environment. We use this technique with an optimality model to establish a new expression for the value of information when behavior is chosen from a continuous range of possibilities. Our expression highlights that the value of information is proportional to the rate of change of behavior with information. We illustrate our approach using the cooperative behavior between a male and a female raising their common young. We show that the value of knowing about one’s partner can be quantified and establish the value of information to a member of the pair when the continuous trait is how long to spend caring for their young. However, the applications of this expression are wider reaching than parental care decisions and can be used to analyze the behavior of individuals across a variety of species and contexts.",
keywords = "Bayes' theorem, Flexibility, Information, Optimality Model, Parental Care",
author = "Pike, {Rebecca K} and McNamara, {John M} and Houston, {Alasdair I}",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1093/beheco/arw044",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "1296--1303",
journal = "Behavioral Ecology",
issn = "1045-2249",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - A general expression for the reproductive value of information

AU - Pike, Rebecca K

AU - McNamara, John M

AU - Houston, Alasdair I

PY - 2016/9

Y1 - 2016/9

N2 - Information transfer and utilization is ubiquitous in nature. Animals can increase their reproductive value by changing their behavior in light of new information. Previous work has shown that the reproductive value of information can never be negative given an animal behaves optimally. Statistical decision theory uses Bayes’ theorem as a mathematical tool to model how animals process information gained from their environment. We use this technique with an optimality model to establish a new expression for the value of information when behavior is chosen from a continuous range of possibilities. Our expression highlights that the value of information is proportional to the rate of change of behavior with information. We illustrate our approach using the cooperative behavior between a male and a female raising their common young. We show that the value of knowing about one’s partner can be quantified and establish the value of information to a member of the pair when the continuous trait is how long to spend caring for their young. However, the applications of this expression are wider reaching than parental care decisions and can be used to analyze the behavior of individuals across a variety of species and contexts.

AB - Information transfer and utilization is ubiquitous in nature. Animals can increase their reproductive value by changing their behavior in light of new information. Previous work has shown that the reproductive value of information can never be negative given an animal behaves optimally. Statistical decision theory uses Bayes’ theorem as a mathematical tool to model how animals process information gained from their environment. We use this technique with an optimality model to establish a new expression for the value of information when behavior is chosen from a continuous range of possibilities. Our expression highlights that the value of information is proportional to the rate of change of behavior with information. We illustrate our approach using the cooperative behavior between a male and a female raising their common young. We show that the value of knowing about one’s partner can be quantified and establish the value of information to a member of the pair when the continuous trait is how long to spend caring for their young. However, the applications of this expression are wider reaching than parental care decisions and can be used to analyze the behavior of individuals across a variety of species and contexts.

KW - Bayes' theorem

KW - Flexibility

KW - Information

KW - Optimality Model

KW - Parental Care

U2 - 10.1093/beheco/arw044

DO - 10.1093/beheco/arw044

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 1296

EP - 1303

JO - Behavioral Ecology

JF - Behavioral Ecology

SN - 1045-2249

IS - 5

M1 - arw044

ER -