Two separate genome-wide association studies were conducted to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with social and nonsocial autistic- like traits. We predicted that we would find SNPs associated with social and non-social autistic-like traits and that different SNPs would be associated with social and nonsocial. In Stage 1, each study screened for allele frequency differences in ∼430,000 autosomal SNPs using pooled DNA on microarrays in high-scoring versus lowscoring boys from a general population sample (N = ∼400/group). In Stage 2, 22 and 20 SNPs in the social and non-social studies, respectively, were tested for QTL association by individually genotyping an independent community sample of 1,400 boys. One SNP (rs11894053) was nominally associated (P<.05, uncorrected for multiple testing) with social autistic-like traits. When the sample was increased by adding females, 2 additional SNPs were nominally significant (P<.05). These 3 SNPs, however, showed no significant association in transmission disequilibrium analyses of diagnosed ASD families.
- Autistic traits
- Genome-wide association