The wrist is a complex joint and the factors governing its behaviour are poorly understood. A hypothesis that the movement of the carpal bones could be predicted using a minimum energy principle was tested. Carpal bones were dissected from a cadaveric forearm and their shapes were laser-digitized to obtain three-dimensional computer models. A computer program was created to measure contact area between neighbouring articular surfaces and to maximize this quantity by adjusting the six degrees of freedom of the bone models. This procedure was performed for 1.0 degree increments of rotation applied to the capitate bone up to 20 degrees of ulnar and 10 degrees of radial deviation. The model correctly predicted certain aspects of the complex behaviour of the carpal bones. The results for the scaphoid in particular displayed characteristics in common with known behaviour of this bone. During 20 degrees of unlar deviation and 10 degrees of radial deviation, the bone demonstrated 11.3 degrees of extension and 9.4 degrees of flexion respectively. The novelty of the study lay in the fact that the model did not rely upon ligamentous constraints. The results are encouraging, considering the only information used by the algorithm was the shape of the articular surfaces.
|Translated title of the contribution||A kinematic model of the wrist based on maximization of joint contact area|
|Pages (from-to)||349 - 359|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|