A local anaesthetic video-assisted thoracoscopy service: prospective performance analysis in a UK tertiary respiratory centre

ARL Medford, S Agrawal, CM Free, JA Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Local anaesthetic video-assisted thoracoscopy (LAVAT) is a safe, reliable and therapeutic procedure used by respiratory physicians in the management of pleural disease, especially pleural malignancy. We describe a prospective analysis of a UK LAVAT service set up in a tertiary respiratory centre to complement an existing large surgical video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) service. METHODS: A prospective analysis of 125 LAVAT procedures over a 34-month period was performed looking at a variety of quality control endpoints comparing them to national thoracic surgical VATS standards. RESULTS: Talc pleurodesis was effective in over 86% of cases and this did not significantly lengthen bed stay (median 4.5 days). Bed stay was also unchanged between the ages of 60-89 years. Over 77% of the 48 patients with proven metastatic pleural lung malignancy or mesothelioma received either surgical decortication or oncological treatment (palliative chemotherapy in 57%). In only 6% were biopsies not possible because of technical factors. LAVAT biopsies had a diagnostic accuracy of 97.4%, sensitivity 95.4%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, and negative predictive value 94.7%. Our complication rate was 4% and mortality rate 0.8%. DISCUSSION: Our LAVAT service meets surgical VATS standards for diagnosis and safety with a good pleurodesis efficacy rate. It complements our surgical VATS service, offering a pleural diagnostic service for patients with non-complex pleural exudates or too frail for VATS. Our data demonstrate there is a demand and potential for respiratory physicians dealing with pleural malignancy to develop LAVAT and enhance their local lung cancer and pleural diagnostic pathway.
Translated title of the contributionA local anaesthetic video-assisted thoracoscopy service: prospective performance analysis in a UK tertiary respiratory centre
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355 - 358
JournalLung Cancer
Volume66(3)
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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