A longitudinal assessment of the responsiveness of the ICECAP-A in a randomised controlled trial of a knee pain intervention

Thomas Keeley, Hareth Al-Janabi, Elaine Nicholls, Nadine E Foster, Susan Jowett, Joanna Coast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
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Purpose The ICECAP-A is a simple measure of capability well-being for use with the adult population. The descriptive system is made up of five key attributes: Stability, Attachment, Autonomy, Achievement and Enjoyment. Studies have begun to assess the psychometric properties of the measure, including the construct and content validity and feasibility for use. This is the first study to use longitudinal data to assess the responsiveness of the measure.
Methods This responsiveness study was completed alongside a randomised controlled trial comparing three physiotherapy-led exercise interventions for older adults with knee pain attributable to osteoarthritis. Anchor-based methodologies were used to explore the relationship between change over time in ICECAP-A score (the target measure) and change over time in another measure (the anchor). Analyses were completed using the non-value weighted
and value-weighted ICECAP-A scores. The EQ-5D-3L was used as a comparator measure to contextualise change in the ICECAP-A. Effect sizes, standardised response means and t tests were used to quantify responsiveness.
Results Small changes in the ICECAP-A scores were seen in response to underlying changes in patients’ health related quality of life, anxiety and depression. Nonweighted scores were slightly more responsive than value weighted scores. ICECAP-A change was of comparable size to change in the EQ-5D-3L reference measure.
Conclusion This first analysis of the responsiveness using longitudinal data provides some positive evidence for the responsiveness of the ICECAP-A measure. There is a need for further research in those with low health and capability, and experiencing larger underlying changes in quality of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2319-2331
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number10
Early online date18 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Structured keywords

  • ConDuCT-II


  • Capability
  • Responsiveness
  • Psychometrics


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  • ConDuCT-II

    Blazeby, J.


    Project: Research

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