A longitudinal study investigating change in BMI z-score in primary school-aged children and the association of child BMI z-score with parent BMI

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Abstract

Background: This paper aims to explore change in BMI z-score through childhood and the association between parent BMI and child BMI z-score. This is important to understand for the development of effective obesity interventions. Methods: Data from the longitudinal B-ProAct1v study (1837 participants) were analysed. A paired sample t-test examined changes in child BMI z-score between Year 1 and 4. Multivariable linear regression models examined the cross-sectional associations between child BMI z-score and parent BMI in Year 1 and 4. The influence of change in parental BMI between Year 1 and Year 4 on child BMI z-score in Year 4 was explored through regression analyses, adjusted for baseline BMI z-score. Results: There was a strong association between child BMI z-score at Year 1 and 4. Child mean BMI z-score score increased from 0.198 to 0.330 (p=<0.005) between these timepoints. For every unit increase in parent BMI, there was an increase in child BMI z-score of 0.047 in Year 1 (p=<0.005) and of 0.059 in Year 4 (p=<0.005). Parental BMI change was not significantly associated with Year 4 child BMI z-score. Conclusion: The key indicator of higher child BMI at Year 4 is high BMI at Year 1. Further studies are needed to explore the impact of parental weight change on child BMI z-score and whether interventions targeted at overweight or obese parents, can improve their child’s BMI z-score. Keywords: Obesity, Parents, Children, Public Health
Original languageEnglish
Article number1902 (2020)
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2020

Structured keywords

  • SPS Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences

Keywords

  • obesity
  • parents
  • children
  • public health

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