A Manifesto for Future Generation Cloud Computing: Research Directions for the Next Decade

Rajkumar Buyya, Satish Narayana Srirama, Giuliano Casale, Rodrigo Calheiros, Yogesh Simmhan, Blesson Varghese, Erol Gelenbe, Bahman Javadi, Luis Miguel Vaquero, Marco A. S. Netto, Adel Nadjaran Toosi, Maria Alejandra Rodriguez, Ignacio M. Llorente, Sabrina De Capitani di Vimercati, Pierangela Samarati, Dejan Milojicic, Carlos Varela, Rami Bahsoon, Marcos Dias de Assuncao, Omer RanaWanlei Zhou, Hai Jin, Wolfgang Gentzsch, Albert Zomaya, Haiying Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)
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The Cloud computing paradigm has revolutionized the computer science horizon during the past decade and has enabled the emergence of computing as the fifth utility. It has captured significant attention of academia, industries and government bodies. Now, it has emerged as the backbone of modern economy by offering subscription-based services anytime, anywhere following a pay-as-you-go model. This has instigated (1) shorter establishment times for start-ups, (2) creation of scalable global enterprise applications, (3) better cost-to-value associativity for scientific and high performance computing applications, and (4) different invocation/execution models for pervasive and ubiquitous applications. The recent technological developments and paradigms such as serverless computing, software-defined networking, Internet of Things, and processing at network edge are creating new opportunities for Cloud computing. However, they are also posing several new challenges and creating the need for new approaches and research strategies, as well as the re-evaluation of the models that were developed to address issues such as scalability, elasticity, reliability, security, sustainability, and application models. The proposed manifesto addresses them by identifying the major open challenges in Cloud computing, emerging trends and impact areas. It then offers research directions for the next decade, thus helping in the realisation of Future Generation Cloud Computing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105
Number of pages38
JournalACM Computing Surveys
Issue number5
Early online date18 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • Cloud computing
  • scalability
  • sustainability
  • InterCloud
  • data management
  • Cloud economics
  • application development
  • Fog computing
  • serverless computing


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