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A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions: An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project

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A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions : An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. / Palmer, Paul I.; O'Doherty, Simon; Allen, Grant; Bower, Keith; Bösch, Hartmut; Chipperfield, Martyn P.; Connors, Sarah; Dhomse, Sandip; Feng, Liang; Finch, Douglas P.; Gallagher, Martin W.; Gloor, Emanuel; Gonzi, Siegfried; Harris, Neil R.P.; Helfter, Carole; Humpage, Neil; Kerridge, Brian; Knappett, Diane; Jones, Roderic L.; Le Breton, Michael; Lunt, Mark F.; Manning, Alistair J.; Matthiesen, Stephan; Muller, Jennifer B.A.; Mullinger, Neil; Nemitz, Eiko; O'Shea, Sebastian; Parker, Robert J.; Percival, Carl J.; Pitt, Joseph; Riddick, Stuart N.; Rigby, Matthew; Sembhi, Harjinder; Siddans, Richard; Skelton, Robert L.; Smith, Paul; Sonderfeld, Hannah; Stanley, Kieran; Stavert, Ann R.; Wenger, Angelina; White, Emily; Wilson, Christopher; Young, DIckon.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, No. 16, 31.08.2018, p. 11753-11777.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Palmer, PI, O'Doherty, S, Allen, G, Bower, K, Bösch, H, Chipperfield, MP, Connors, S, Dhomse, S, Feng, L, Finch, DP, Gallagher, MW, Gloor, E, Gonzi, S, Harris, NRP, Helfter, C, Humpage, N, Kerridge, B, Knappett, D, Jones, RL, Le Breton, M, Lunt, MF, Manning, AJ, Matthiesen, S, Muller, JBA, Mullinger, N, Nemitz, E, O'Shea, S, Parker, RJ, Percival, CJ, Pitt, J, Riddick, SN, Rigby, M, Sembhi, H, Siddans, R, Skelton, RL, Smith, P, Sonderfeld, H, Stanley, K, Stavert, AR, Wenger, A, White, E, Wilson, C & Young, DI 2018, 'A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions: An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 11753-11777. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-11753-2018

APA

Palmer, P. I., O'Doherty, S., Allen, G., Bower, K., Bösch, H., Chipperfield, M. P., ... Young, DI. (2018). A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions: An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(16), 11753-11777. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-11753-2018

Vancouver

Author

Palmer, Paul I. ; O'Doherty, Simon ; Allen, Grant ; Bower, Keith ; Bösch, Hartmut ; Chipperfield, Martyn P. ; Connors, Sarah ; Dhomse, Sandip ; Feng, Liang ; Finch, Douglas P. ; Gallagher, Martin W. ; Gloor, Emanuel ; Gonzi, Siegfried ; Harris, Neil R.P. ; Helfter, Carole ; Humpage, Neil ; Kerridge, Brian ; Knappett, Diane ; Jones, Roderic L. ; Le Breton, Michael ; Lunt, Mark F. ; Manning, Alistair J. ; Matthiesen, Stephan ; Muller, Jennifer B.A. ; Mullinger, Neil ; Nemitz, Eiko ; O'Shea, Sebastian ; Parker, Robert J. ; Percival, Carl J. ; Pitt, Joseph ; Riddick, Stuart N. ; Rigby, Matthew ; Sembhi, Harjinder ; Siddans, Richard ; Skelton, Robert L. ; Smith, Paul ; Sonderfeld, Hannah ; Stanley, Kieran ; Stavert, Ann R. ; Wenger, Angelina ; White, Emily ; Wilson, Christopher ; Young, DIckon. / A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions : An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 16. pp. 11753-11777.

Bibtex

@article{1f9fdbd665d2475ca7c71982a06f3b2d,
title = "A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions: An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project",
abstract = "We describe the motivation, design, and execution of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. The overarching scientific objective of GAUGE was to use atmospheric data to estimate the magnitude, distribution, and uncertainty of the UK greenhouse gas (GHG, defined here as CO2, CH4, and N2O) budget, 2013-2015. To address this objective, we established a multi-year and interlinked measurement and data analysis programme, building on an established tall-tower GHG measurement network. The calibrated measurement network comprises ground-based, airborne, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and space-borne GHG sensors. Our choice of measurement technologies and measurement locations reflects the heterogeneity of UK GHG sources, which range from small point sources such as landfills to large, diffuse sources such as agriculture. Atmospheric mole fraction data collected at the tall towers and on the ships provide information on sub-continental fluxes, representing the backbone to the GAUGE network. Additional spatial and temporal details of GHG fluxes over East Anglia were inferred from data collected by a regional network. Data collected during aircraft flights were used to study the transport of GHGs on local and regional scales. We purposely integrated new sensor and platform technologies into the GAUGE network, allowing us to lay the foundations of a strengthened UK capability to verify national GHG emissions beyond the project lifetime. For example, current satellites provide sparse and seasonally uneven sampling over the UK mainly because of its geographical size and cloud cover. This situation will improve with new and future satellite instruments, e.g. measurements of CH4 from the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) aboard Sentinel-5P. We use global, nested, and regional atmospheric transport models and inverse methods to infer geographically resolved CO2 and CH4 fluxes. This multi-model approach allows us to study model spread in a posteriori flux estimates. These models are used to determine the relative importance of different measurements to infer the UK GHG budget. Attributing observed GHG variations to specific sources is a major challenge. Within a UK-wide spatial context we used two approaches: (1) Δ14CO2 and other relevant isotopologues (e.g. δ13CCH4) from collected air samples to quantify the contribution from fossil fuel combustion and other sources, and (2) geographical separation of individual sources, e.g. agriculture, using a high-density measurement network. Neither of these represents a definitive approach, but they will provide invaluable information about GHG source attribution when they are adopted as part of a more comprehensive, long-term national GHG measurement programme. We also conducted a number of case studies, including an instrumented landfill experiment that provided a test bed for new technologies and flux estimation methods. We anticipate that results from the GAUGE project will help inform other countries on how to use atmospheric data to quantify their nationally determined contributions to the Paris Agreement.",
author = "Palmer, {Paul I.} and Simon O'Doherty and Grant Allen and Keith Bower and Hartmut B{\"o}sch and Chipperfield, {Martyn P.} and Sarah Connors and Sandip Dhomse and Liang Feng and Finch, {Douglas P.} and Gallagher, {Martin W.} and Emanuel Gloor and Siegfried Gonzi and Harris, {Neil R.P.} and Carole Helfter and Neil Humpage and Brian Kerridge and Diane Knappett and Jones, {Roderic L.} and {Le Breton}, Michael and Lunt, {Mark F.} and Manning, {Alistair J.} and Stephan Matthiesen and Muller, {Jennifer B.A.} and Neil Mullinger and Eiko Nemitz and Sebastian O'Shea and Parker, {Robert J.} and Percival, {Carl J.} and Joseph Pitt and Riddick, {Stuart N.} and Matthew Rigby and Harjinder Sembhi and Richard Siddans and Skelton, {Robert L.} and Paul Smith and Hannah Sonderfeld and Kieran Stanley and Stavert, {Ann R.} and Angelina Wenger and Emily White and Christopher Wilson and DIckon Young",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.5194/acp-18-11753-2018",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "11753--11777",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "16",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - A measurement-based verification framework for UK greenhouse gas emissions

T2 - An overview of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project

AU - Palmer, Paul I.

AU - O'Doherty, Simon

AU - Allen, Grant

AU - Bower, Keith

AU - Bösch, Hartmut

AU - Chipperfield, Martyn P.

AU - Connors, Sarah

AU - Dhomse, Sandip

AU - Feng, Liang

AU - Finch, Douglas P.

AU - Gallagher, Martin W.

AU - Gloor, Emanuel

AU - Gonzi, Siegfried

AU - Harris, Neil R.P.

AU - Helfter, Carole

AU - Humpage, Neil

AU - Kerridge, Brian

AU - Knappett, Diane

AU - Jones, Roderic L.

AU - Le Breton, Michael

AU - Lunt, Mark F.

AU - Manning, Alistair J.

AU - Matthiesen, Stephan

AU - Muller, Jennifer B.A.

AU - Mullinger, Neil

AU - Nemitz, Eiko

AU - O'Shea, Sebastian

AU - Parker, Robert J.

AU - Percival, Carl J.

AU - Pitt, Joseph

AU - Riddick, Stuart N.

AU - Rigby, Matthew

AU - Sembhi, Harjinder

AU - Siddans, Richard

AU - Skelton, Robert L.

AU - Smith, Paul

AU - Sonderfeld, Hannah

AU - Stanley, Kieran

AU - Stavert, Ann R.

AU - Wenger, Angelina

AU - White, Emily

AU - Wilson, Christopher

AU - Young, DIckon

PY - 2018/8/31

Y1 - 2018/8/31

N2 - We describe the motivation, design, and execution of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. The overarching scientific objective of GAUGE was to use atmospheric data to estimate the magnitude, distribution, and uncertainty of the UK greenhouse gas (GHG, defined here as CO2, CH4, and N2O) budget, 2013-2015. To address this objective, we established a multi-year and interlinked measurement and data analysis programme, building on an established tall-tower GHG measurement network. The calibrated measurement network comprises ground-based, airborne, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and space-borne GHG sensors. Our choice of measurement technologies and measurement locations reflects the heterogeneity of UK GHG sources, which range from small point sources such as landfills to large, diffuse sources such as agriculture. Atmospheric mole fraction data collected at the tall towers and on the ships provide information on sub-continental fluxes, representing the backbone to the GAUGE network. Additional spatial and temporal details of GHG fluxes over East Anglia were inferred from data collected by a regional network. Data collected during aircraft flights were used to study the transport of GHGs on local and regional scales. We purposely integrated new sensor and platform technologies into the GAUGE network, allowing us to lay the foundations of a strengthened UK capability to verify national GHG emissions beyond the project lifetime. For example, current satellites provide sparse and seasonally uneven sampling over the UK mainly because of its geographical size and cloud cover. This situation will improve with new and future satellite instruments, e.g. measurements of CH4 from the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) aboard Sentinel-5P. We use global, nested, and regional atmospheric transport models and inverse methods to infer geographically resolved CO2 and CH4 fluxes. This multi-model approach allows us to study model spread in a posteriori flux estimates. These models are used to determine the relative importance of different measurements to infer the UK GHG budget. Attributing observed GHG variations to specific sources is a major challenge. Within a UK-wide spatial context we used two approaches: (1) Δ14CO2 and other relevant isotopologues (e.g. δ13CCH4) from collected air samples to quantify the contribution from fossil fuel combustion and other sources, and (2) geographical separation of individual sources, e.g. agriculture, using a high-density measurement network. Neither of these represents a definitive approach, but they will provide invaluable information about GHG source attribution when they are adopted as part of a more comprehensive, long-term national GHG measurement programme. We also conducted a number of case studies, including an instrumented landfill experiment that provided a test bed for new technologies and flux estimation methods. We anticipate that results from the GAUGE project will help inform other countries on how to use atmospheric data to quantify their nationally determined contributions to the Paris Agreement.

AB - We describe the motivation, design, and execution of the Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project. The overarching scientific objective of GAUGE was to use atmospheric data to estimate the magnitude, distribution, and uncertainty of the UK greenhouse gas (GHG, defined here as CO2, CH4, and N2O) budget, 2013-2015. To address this objective, we established a multi-year and interlinked measurement and data analysis programme, building on an established tall-tower GHG measurement network. The calibrated measurement network comprises ground-based, airborne, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and space-borne GHG sensors. Our choice of measurement technologies and measurement locations reflects the heterogeneity of UK GHG sources, which range from small point sources such as landfills to large, diffuse sources such as agriculture. Atmospheric mole fraction data collected at the tall towers and on the ships provide information on sub-continental fluxes, representing the backbone to the GAUGE network. Additional spatial and temporal details of GHG fluxes over East Anglia were inferred from data collected by a regional network. Data collected during aircraft flights were used to study the transport of GHGs on local and regional scales. We purposely integrated new sensor and platform technologies into the GAUGE network, allowing us to lay the foundations of a strengthened UK capability to verify national GHG emissions beyond the project lifetime. For example, current satellites provide sparse and seasonally uneven sampling over the UK mainly because of its geographical size and cloud cover. This situation will improve with new and future satellite instruments, e.g. measurements of CH4 from the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) aboard Sentinel-5P. We use global, nested, and regional atmospheric transport models and inverse methods to infer geographically resolved CO2 and CH4 fluxes. This multi-model approach allows us to study model spread in a posteriori flux estimates. These models are used to determine the relative importance of different measurements to infer the UK GHG budget. Attributing observed GHG variations to specific sources is a major challenge. Within a UK-wide spatial context we used two approaches: (1) Δ14CO2 and other relevant isotopologues (e.g. δ13CCH4) from collected air samples to quantify the contribution from fossil fuel combustion and other sources, and (2) geographical separation of individual sources, e.g. agriculture, using a high-density measurement network. Neither of these represents a definitive approach, but they will provide invaluable information about GHG source attribution when they are adopted as part of a more comprehensive, long-term national GHG measurement programme. We also conducted a number of case studies, including an instrumented landfill experiment that provided a test bed for new technologies and flux estimation methods. We anticipate that results from the GAUGE project will help inform other countries on how to use atmospheric data to quantify their nationally determined contributions to the Paris Agreement.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051791962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/acp-18-11753-2018

DO - 10.5194/acp-18-11753-2018

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 11753

EP - 11777

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 16

ER -