A preliminary sensitivity examination of the ductility exhaustion based creep damage prediction model, currently used in the R5 high temperature assessment procedure, showed that material property inputs had significant effects on damage prediction. In the present work, the link between the microstructural factors and the susceptibility to inter-granular high temperature creep failure is considered. The latter was judged to be associated with the low creep ductility. Here, the longitudinal section of a creep specimen and the fracture surface were examined. Auger electron spectroscopy was used to investigate the grain boundary composition in this specimen, which failed after a creep test of 1038h at 550 degrees C under a triaxial stress state. The present results demonstrate that there is a possibility to correlate the susceptibility to high temperature inter-granular fracture from the low temperature fracture investigations. Finally, the susceptibility of the pre-treated 316H stainless steel to inter-granular high temperature failure and the contribution to the creep damage model are briefly discussed.