A modeling study of secondary organic aerosol formation from sesquiterpenes using the STOCHEM global chemistry and transport model

Anwar Khan, Michael Jenkin, Amy Foulds, R.G. Derwent, C.J. Percival, Dudley Shallcross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Sesquiterpenes are one of the precursors of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) which can be an important global sources of organic aerosol (OA). Updating the chemistry scheme in the global chemistry transport model by incorporating an oxidation mechanism for β-caryophyllene (representing all sesquiterpenes), adding global sesquiterpene emissions of 29 Tg/yr and revising global monoterpene emissions up to 162 Tg/yr (Guenther et al., 2012) led to an increase of SOA burden by 95% and SOA production rate by 106% relative to the base case described in Utembe et al. (2011). Including the emissions of sesquiterpenes resulted in increase of SOA burden of 0.11 Tg and SOA production rate of 12.9 Tg/yr relative to the base case. The highest concentrations of sesquiterpene-derived SOA (by up to 1.2 µg/m3) were found over central Africa and South America, the regions having high levels of biogenic emissions with significant biomass burning. In the updated model simulation, the multi-generation oxidation products from sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes transported above the boundary layer and condensed to the aerosol phase at higher altitude led to an increase of OA by up to 30% over the tropics and northern mid to higher altitudes. The model evaluation showed an underestimation of model OA mostly for the campaigns dominated by regional anthropogenic pollution. The increase of SOA production from sesquiterpenes reduced the discrepancies between modelled and observed OA concentrations over the remote and rural areas. The increase of SOA concentrations by up to 200% from pre-industrial to present scenarios was found over the tropical oceans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4426-4439
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume122
Issue number8
Early online date19 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • biogenic emissions
  • sesquiterpenes
  • secondary organic aerosol
  • STOCHEM-CRI model
  • preindustrial scenario

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