A new estimation of the recent tropospheric molecular hydrogen budget using atmospheric observations and variational inversion

C. E. Yver, I. C. Pison, A. Fortems-Cheiney, M. Schmidt, F. Chevallier, M Ramonet, A. Jordan, O. A. Sovde, A. Engel, R. E. Fisher, D. Lowry, E. G. Nisbet, I. Levin, S. Hammer, J. Necki, J. Bartyzel, S. Reimann, M. K. Vollmer, M. Steinbacher, T. AaltoM. Maione, J. Arduini, S. O'Doherty, A. Grant, W. T. Sturges, G. L. Forster, C. R. Lunder, V. Privalov, N. Paramonova, A. Werner, P. Bousquet

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Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the recent tropospheric molecular hydrogen (H-2) budget with a particular focus on soil uptake and European surface emissions. A variational inversion scheme is combined with observations from the RAMCES and EUROHYDROS atmospheric networks, which include continuous measurements performed between mid-2006 and mid-2009. Net H-2 surface flux, then deposition velocity and surface emissions and finally, deposition velocity. biomass burning, anthropogenic and H-2 fixationrelated emissions were simultaneously inverted in several scenarios. These scenarios have focused on the sensibility of the soil uptake value to different spatio-temporal distributions. The range of variations of these diverse inversion sets generate an estimate of the uncertainty for each term of the H-2) budget. The net H-2 flux per region (High Northern Hemisphere, Tropics and High Southern Hemisphere) varies between -8 and +8 Tg yr(-1). The best inversion in terms of tit to the observations combines updated prior surface emissions and a soil deposition velocity map that is based on bottom-up and top-down estimations. Our estimate of global H-2 soil uptake is -59+/-9 Tg yr(-1). Forty per cent of this uptake is located in the High Northern Hemisphere and 55% is located in the Tropics. In terms of surface emissions, seasonality is mainly driven by biomass burning emissions. The inferred European anthropogenic emissions are consistent with independent H2 emissions estimated using a H-2/CO mass ratio of 0.034 and CO emissions within the range of their respective uncertainties. Additional constraints, such as isotopic measurements would be needed to infer a more robust partition of H-2 sources and sinks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3375-3392
Number of pages18
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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