Some UK cities have seen the successful reintroduction of trams to complement and improve public transport services. This paper investigates the impact a hypothetical tramline would have in Bristol. This study was conducted in light of proposals for a bus rapid transit (BRT) network in Bristol. The literature review undertaken concludes that while BRT systems tend to have lower capital costs, a tram system could also be considered. At near-capacity operation, trams may be more effective in encouraging a modal shift away from travelling by car. Evidence from a preliminary simulation model, which was built to evaluate the demand a hypothetical tramline from the airport to the city centre would attract, suggests that a tram would encourage users to switch to public transport. Suggestions for further work for model refinement coupled with better understanding system impacts of the proposed tram system are included.
- Infrastructure planning
- Transport planning
- Traffic engineering
Pollock-Fraser, H., Christopher, P., Kenedy, C., Webster, T., Vardanega, P. J., & Johansson, A. F. (2016). A new tram network for Bristol: a possible scenario? Proceedings of the ICE - Municipal Engineer, 169(1), 19-30. https://doi.org/10.1680/muen.14.00043