A Novel Autonomous Profiling Method for the Next Generation NFV Orchestrators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
198 Downloads (Pure)


Currently, telecommunication research communities are striving towards the adoption of Zero-touch network and Service Management (ZSM) in Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) orchestration. Contemporary efforts on adopting Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have caused an upsurge of ZSM application in the VNF space. While ML and AI complement the ZSM goals for building the intelligent NFV orchestration, a deep knowledge about the resource consumption by Network Services (NSs) and its constituent Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) is required, which would enable AI and ML models to manage the available resources better and enhance user experience. In this paper, we propose a Novel Autonomous Profiling (NAP) method that not only predicts the optimum network load a VNF can support but also estimates the required resources in terms of CPU, Memory, and Network, to meet the performance targets and workload by utilising ML techniques. Our performance evaluation results on real datasets show that the output of NAP can be used in the next generation of NFV orchestration.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9295398
Pages (from-to)642-655
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
Issue number1
Early online date15 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has received funding from the U.K.: EPSRC projects INITIATE (EP/P003974/1) and TOUCAN (EP/L020009/1) and from the EU: H2020 projects 5G-VICTORI and MATILDA (grant agreements 857201, 761898). The associate editor coordinating the review of this article and approving it for publication was J.-M. Kang.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.


  • Load modeling
  • Measurement
  • Monitoring
  • multi-objective resource configuration.
  • Next generation networking
  • Performance KPIs
  • Prediction algorithms
  • Predictor
  • Profiling
  • Throughput
  • Time measurement


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