A numerical study on the influence of composite wrinkle defect geometry on compressive strength

Ningbo Xie*, Robert A. Smith, Supratik Mukhopadhyay, Stephen R. Hallett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)
1099 Downloads (Pure)


Out-of-plane winkling in continuous-fibre reinforced composites has a significant influence on compressive failure stress, which needs to be considered and evaluated during the design, manufacture and inspection stages, to achieve high-performance composite components. With the development of a three-dimensional characterisation based on non-destructive testing methods and finite-element modelling, it is possible to combine the two techniques to give a prediction of mechanical performance using directly measured geometry. This paper uses a new methodology developed for combining non-destructive characterisation and numerical analysis techniques to automatically create a series of models with controlled wrinkle geometry. It has been possible to determine the dependence of compressive strength on various wrinkle-severity and wrinkle-extent parameters. The outcome shows a dominant dependence on the maximum wrinkle angle in the load direction, with an additional dependence on the wrinkle wavelength for larger wrinkle angles. In terms of the extent of the wrinkled region, the strength reduces as the wrinkle extent in the load direction becomes concentrated locally or the wrinkled proportion of the cross-sectional area (perpendicular to the load) increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-20
Number of pages14
JournalMaterials and Design
Early online date21 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2018


  • Parametric study
  • Wrinkle
  • Finite element analysis
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Carbon fibre composites


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