Deep Hole Drilling (DHD) is a mechanical strain relief technique used to measure residual stresses within engineering components. Such techniques measure strains or displacements when part of the component is machined away and typically assume elastic unloading. However, in components containing high levels of residual stress, elastic-plastic unloading can occur which may introduce substantial error. For the case of the DHD technique, a modification to the technique referred to here as the incremental or iDHD technique has been developed to allow such high levels of residual stress to be measured. Previous work has demonstrated the accuracy of the iDHD technique, although only for axisymmetric residual stress distributions. In the present investigation, the application of the iDHD technique has been extended to the general case of biaxial residual stress fields. Finite element simulations are first carried out to demonstrate the ability of the iDHD technique to measure biaxial residual stress. Experimental measurements were then made on shrink fit components and ring welded components containing biaxial residual stress to investigate the performance of the technique in practice. Good agreements between iDHD measurements, neutron diffraction measurements and FE predictions of the residual stresses were obtained, demonstrating the generally improved accuracy of the iDHD technique compared to the standard DHD approach.
- Finite element
- Incremental deep hole drilling
- Neutron diffraction
- Residual stress
- Shrink fit