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A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans

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A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans. / Hutchison, William; Fusillo, Raffaella; Pyle, David M; Mather, Tamsin A; Blundy, Jon D; Biggs, Juliet; Yirgu, Gezahegn; Cohen, Ben E; Brooker, Richard A; Barfod, Dan N; Calvert, Andrew T.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 13192, 18.10.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Hutchison, W, Fusillo, R, Pyle, DM, Mather, TA, Blundy, JD, Biggs, J, Yirgu, G, Cohen, BE, Brooker, RA, Barfod, DN & Calvert, AT 2016, 'A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans', Nature Communications, vol. 7, 13192. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13192

APA

Hutchison, W., Fusillo, R., Pyle, D. M., Mather, T. A., Blundy, J. D., Biggs, J., ... Calvert, A. T. (2016). A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans. Nature Communications, 7, [13192]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13192

Vancouver

Hutchison W, Fusillo R, Pyle DM, Mather TA, Blundy JD, Biggs J et al. A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans. Nature Communications. 2016 Oct 18;7. 13192. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13192

Author

Hutchison, William ; Fusillo, Raffaella ; Pyle, David M ; Mather, Tamsin A ; Blundy, Jon D ; Biggs, Juliet ; Yirgu, Gezahegn ; Cohen, Ben E ; Brooker, Richard A ; Barfod, Dan N ; Calvert, Andrew T. / A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans. In: Nature Communications. 2016 ; Vol. 7.

Bibtex

@article{574c14c3ef734961b6fea3864a06bed0,
title = "A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans",
abstract = "The Ethiopian Rift Valley hosts the longest record of human co-existence with volcanoes on Earth, however, current understanding of the magnitude and timing of large explosive eruptions in this region is poor. Detailed records of volcanism are essential for interpreting the palaeoenvironments occupied by our hominin ancestors; and also for evaluating the volcanic hazards posed to the 10 million people currently living within this active rift zone. Here we use new geochronological evidence to suggest that a 200 km-long segment of rift experienced a major pulse of explosive volcanic activity between 320 and 170 ka. During this period, at least four distinct volcanic centres underwent large-volume (>10 km(3)) caldera-forming eruptions, and eruptive fluxes were elevated five times above the average eruption rate for the past 700 ka. We propose that such pulses of episodic silicic volcanism would have drastically remodelled landscapes and ecosystems occupied by early hominin populations.",
author = "William Hutchison and Raffaella Fusillo and Pyle, {David M} and Mather, {Tamsin A} and Blundy, {Jon D} and Juliet Biggs and Gezahegn Yirgu and Cohen, {Ben E} and Brooker, {Richard A} and Barfod, {Dan N} and Calvert, {Andrew T}",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms13192",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Springer Nature",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - A pulse of mid-Pleistocene rift volcanism in Ethiopia at the dawn of modern humans

AU - Hutchison, William

AU - Fusillo, Raffaella

AU - Pyle, David M

AU - Mather, Tamsin A

AU - Blundy, Jon D

AU - Biggs, Juliet

AU - Yirgu, Gezahegn

AU - Cohen, Ben E

AU - Brooker, Richard A

AU - Barfod, Dan N

AU - Calvert, Andrew T

PY - 2016/10/18

Y1 - 2016/10/18

N2 - The Ethiopian Rift Valley hosts the longest record of human co-existence with volcanoes on Earth, however, current understanding of the magnitude and timing of large explosive eruptions in this region is poor. Detailed records of volcanism are essential for interpreting the palaeoenvironments occupied by our hominin ancestors; and also for evaluating the volcanic hazards posed to the 10 million people currently living within this active rift zone. Here we use new geochronological evidence to suggest that a 200 km-long segment of rift experienced a major pulse of explosive volcanic activity between 320 and 170 ka. During this period, at least four distinct volcanic centres underwent large-volume (>10 km(3)) caldera-forming eruptions, and eruptive fluxes were elevated five times above the average eruption rate for the past 700 ka. We propose that such pulses of episodic silicic volcanism would have drastically remodelled landscapes and ecosystems occupied by early hominin populations.

AB - The Ethiopian Rift Valley hosts the longest record of human co-existence with volcanoes on Earth, however, current understanding of the magnitude and timing of large explosive eruptions in this region is poor. Detailed records of volcanism are essential for interpreting the palaeoenvironments occupied by our hominin ancestors; and also for evaluating the volcanic hazards posed to the 10 million people currently living within this active rift zone. Here we use new geochronological evidence to suggest that a 200 km-long segment of rift experienced a major pulse of explosive volcanic activity between 320 and 170 ka. During this period, at least four distinct volcanic centres underwent large-volume (>10 km(3)) caldera-forming eruptions, and eruptive fluxes were elevated five times above the average eruption rate for the past 700 ka. We propose that such pulses of episodic silicic volcanism would have drastically remodelled landscapes and ecosystems occupied by early hominin populations.

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms13192

DO - 10.1038/ncomms13192

M3 - Article

C2 - 27754479

VL - 7

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 13192

ER -