A quantum liquid with deconfined fractional excitations in three dimensions

OA Sikora, F Pollman, NSP Shannon, K Penc, P Fulde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excitations which carry “fractional” quantum numbers are known to exist in one dimension in polyacetylene, and in two dimensions, in the fractional quantum Hall effect. Fractional excitations have also been invoked to explain the breakdown of the conventional theory of metals in a wide range of three-dimensional materials. However, the existence of fractional excitations in three dimensions remains highly controversial. In this Letter we report direct numerical evidence for the existence of an extended quantum liquid phase supporting fractional excitations in a concrete, three-dimensional microscopic model—the quantum dimer model on a diamond lattice. We demonstrate explicitly that the energy cost of separating fractional monomer excitations vanishes in this liquid phase, and that its energy spectrum matches that of the Coulomb phase in (3+1)-dimensional quantum electrodynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247001-1 - 247001-4
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

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    Sikora, OA., Pollman, F., Shannon, NSP., Penc, K., & Fulde, P. (2009). A quantum liquid with deconfined fractional excitations in three dimensions. Physical Review Letters, 103, 247001-1 - 247001-4. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.247001