This prospective study assesses the role of the hospital cardiac arrest team. We have determined who is responsible for return of spontaneous circulation in those patients who survive to discharge. A total of 83 adult patients were analysed over a 5 month period. Fifty-five patients had cardiopulmonary resuscitation after an in hospital cardiac arrest and circulation was restored in 14 (25.5%). Eight (14.5%) patients survived to discharge. All eight survivors had circulation restored by the first responder before arrival of the cardiac arrest team. Six survivors had witnessed ventricular fibrillation and successful defibrillation by nursing staff. The two other survivors had cardiac arrests in the presence of doctors. Twenty-eight patients had pre-hospital cardiac arrests and were attended by the cardiac arrest team in the emergency department. Six patients had circulation restored by the emergency medical services prior to hospital arrival and four (14%) survived to discharge. Two patients had circulation restored in the emergency department by the arrest team and none survived to discharge. All the survivors to hospital discharge had first responder return of spontaneous circulation. We suggest a revised role for the cardiac arrest team.
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Cardiac arrest
- Post resuscitation period