A role for the Golgi matrix protein giantin in ciliogenesis through control of the localization of dynein-2

David Asante, Lucy J MacCarthy-Morrogh, Anna K Townley, Matthew Weiss, Kentaro Katayama, Krysten J Palmer, Hiroetsu Suzuki, Chris Westlake, David Stephens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The correct formation of primary cilia is central to the development and function of nearly all cells and tissues. Cilia grow from the mother centriole by extension of a microtubule core, the axoneme, which is then surrounded with a specialized ciliary membrane that is continuous with the plasma membrane. Intraflagellar transport moves particles along the length of the axoneme to direct assembly of the cilium and is also required for proper cilia function. The microtubule motor, cytoplasmic dynein-2 mediates retrograde transport along the axoneme from the tip to the base; dynein-2 is also required for some aspects of cilia formation. In most cells, the Golgi lies adjacent to the centrioles and key components of the cilia machinery localize to this organelle. Golgi-localized proteins have also been implicated in ciliogenesis and in intraflagellar transport. Here, we show that the transmembrane Golgi matrix protein giantin (GOLGB1) is required for ciliogenesis. We show that giantin is not required for the Rab11-Rabin8-Rab8 pathway that has been implicated in the early stages of ciliary membrane formation. Instead we find that suppression of giantin results in mis-localization of the intermediate chain of dynein-2, WDR34. Highly effective depletion of giantin or WDR34 leads to an inability of cells to form primary cilia. Partial depletion of giantin, or of WDR34, leads to an increase in cilia length consistent with the concept that giantin acts through dynein-2. Our data implicate giantin in ciliogenesis through control of dynein-2 localization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5189-5197
Number of pages0
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume126
Early online date17 Sep 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2013

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