A roster of world cities

JV Beaverstock, RG Smith, PJ Taylor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

638 Citations (Scopus)


Although there is a general consensus on which are the leading world cities, there is no agreed-upon roster covering world cities below the highest level. This paper reports the construction of an inventory of world cities based upon their level of advanced producer services. Global service centres are identified and graded for accountancy, advertising, banking/finance and law, Aggregating these results produces a roster of 55 world cities at three levels: 10 Alpha world cities, 10 Beta world cities and 35 Gamma world cities. These are found to be largely geographically concentrated in three "globalization arenas", northern America, western Europe and Pacific Asia. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-458
Number of pages14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999


  • globalization
  • world cities
  • advanced producer services
  • CITY

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