A simplified method for unified buckling and dynamic analysis of pile supported structures in seismically liquefiable soils

Suby Bhattacharya, Sondipon Adhikari, Nicholas A Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In seismic-prone zones with liquefiable deposit piles are routinely used to support structures (buildings/bridges). In this paper, a unified buckling and dynamic approach is taken to characterize this vibration. The pile–soil system is modelled as Euler–Bernoulli beam resting against an elastic support with axial load and a pile head mass with rotary inertia. The emphasis here is to obtain a simple expression that can be used by practicing engineers to obtain the fundamental frequency of the structure–pile–soil system. An approximate method based on an equivalent single-degree-of-freedom model has been proposed. Natural frequencies obtained from the exact analytical method are compared with approximate results. Proposed expressions are general as they are functions of non-dimensional parameters. It is shown that this simplified method captures the essential design features such as: (a) the continuous reduction of the first natural frequency of the structure–pile–soil system due to progressive reduction of soil stiffness due to liquefaction; (b) the reduction in the axial load-carrying capacity of the pile due to instability caused by liquefaction. The results derived in this paper have the potential to be directly applied in practice due to their simple yet general nature. An example problem has been taken to demonstrate the application of the method.
Translated title of the contributionA simplified method for unified buckling and dynamic analysis of pile supported structures in seismically liquefiable soils
Original languageEnglish
Article numberIssue 8
Pages (from-to)1220 - 1235
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

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