A single blinded randomized controlled pilot trial of prism adaptation for improving self care in stroke patients with neglect

AJ Turton, R O'Leary, K. Gabb, J. Woodward,, ID Gilchrist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prism adaptation has been shown to alleviate the symptoms of unilateral spatial
neglect following stroke in single case and small group studies. The purposes of
this single blinded pilot randomised controlled trial were to determine the feasibility of delivering prism adaptation treatment in a clinically valid sample and
to assess its impact on self-care. Thirty seven right hemisphere stroke patients
with unilateral spatial neglect were randomised into either prism adaptation
(using 10 dioptre, 6 degree prisms) or sham treatment (using plain glasses)
groups. Treatment was delivered each weekday for two weeks. Pointing
accuracy, without vision of the finger, was recorded each day before treatment.
Outcome was measured, by blinded assessors, four days and eight weeks after
the end of treatment using the Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) and the conventional neuropsychological tests from the Behavioural Inattention Test (BIT). Thirty four patients received treatment: 16 with prisms, 18 sham. Mean compliance was 99% and 97%, respectively. Over the treatment days only the prism treated group showed increased leftward bias in open loop pointing to targets on a touch screen. However, despite the group level changes in pointing behaviour no overall effect of the treatment on self-care or BIT were found
Translated title of the contributionA single blinded randomized controlled pilot trial of prism adaptation for improving self care in stroke patients with neglect
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180 - 196
Number of pages17
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date21 Jul 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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