A Systematic Review of Effective Modifications to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Sasha Walters*, Maria Loades, Ailsa Russell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
520 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The present review evaluated studies which effectively employed cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to alleviate symptoms of common mental health problems in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It assessed the modifications applied to CBT and compliance with recent guidelines from the National Institute of Health Care Excellence (NICE). Systematic searches of electronic databases, reference lists, and journals identified 12 studies meeting predetermined inclusion criteria. Results indicated that modified CBT yielded reductions in anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and depression. There was a lack of gold standard research into the effects of CBT for disorders other than anxiety. A greater number of modifications than recommended by NICE were consistently employed, including disorder-specific modifications. Implications for clinical intervention and future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-153
Number of pages17
JournalReview Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume3
Issue number2
Early online date21 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)
  • Depression
  • OCD
  • Young people

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