A systematic review of the use and quality of qualitative methods in concept elicitation for measures with children and young people: Review of qualitative concept elicitation with children and young people

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

57 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Qualitative research is recommended in concept elicitation for patient reported outcome measures to ensure item content validity, and those developing measures are encouraged to report qualitative methods in detail. However, in measure development for children and young people, direct research can be challenging due to problems with engagement and communication.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to 1) explore the qualitative and adapted data collection techniques that research teams have used with children and young people to generate items in existing measures and 2) assess the quality of qualitative reporting.

Methods: Three electronic databases were searched with forward citation and reference list searching of key papers. Papers included in the review were empirical studies documenting qualitative concept elicitation with children and young people. Data on qualitative methods were extracted, and all studies were checked against a qualitative reporting checklist.

Results: A total of 37 studies were included. The quality of reporting of qualitative approaches for item generation was low, with information missing on sampling, data analysis and the research team, all of which are key to facilitating judgements around measure content validity. Few papers reported adapting methods to be more suitable for children and young people, potentially missing opportunities to more meaningfully engage children in concept elicitation work.

Conclusions: Research teams should ensure that they are documenting detailed and transparent processes for concept elicitation. Guidelines are currently lacking in the development and reporting of item generation for children, with this being an important area for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages32
JournalPatient
Volume2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A systematic review of the use and quality of qualitative methods in concept elicitation for measures with children and young people: Review of qualitative concept elicitation with children and young people'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this