A wireless multi-sensor subglacial probe: design and preliminary results

Jane K. Hart*, Kirk Martinez, Royan Ong, Alistair Riddoch, Kathryn C. Rose, Paritosh Padhy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This paper introduces a new way to investigate in situ processes, the wireless multi-sensor probe, as part of an environmental sensor network. Instruments are housed within a 'probe' which can move freely and so behave like a clast. These were deployed in the ice and till at Briksdalsbreen, Norway. The sensors measure temperature, resistivity, case stress, tilt angle and water pressure and send their data to a base station on the glacier surface via radio links. These data are then forwarded by radio to a reference station with mains power 2.5 km away, from where they are sent to a web server in the UK. The system deployed during 2004/05 was very successful and a total of 859 probe days worth of data from the ice and till were collected, along with GPS, weather and diagnostic data about the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Glaciology
Issue number178
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • BED
  • TILL
  • FLOW

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