In May 2004, the International Association of Lyceum Clubs celebrated their centenary with a conference held in Basel, Switzerland, where they discussed the future of their organisation and reviewed its beginnings. A world-wide network, the Lyceum caters for professional women with an interest in lifelong learning and international exchange. This article examines its early purposes in the context of the contemporary growth in women’s organisations, debate about women’s rights and employment, controversy surrounding imperial expansion, and the rise of a secular peace movement. Drawing on the memoirs, novels and unpublished letters of Constance Smedley, the Lyceum’s foundress, it demonstrates the epic scale of her ambition to create a global sisterhood, and explores the radical feminist and pacifist ideals that motivated her. Though not the first women’s club, the Lyceum was pioneering in its aspirations. It offered women artists, writers and professionals the opportunity to meet in luxurious and prestigious surroundings, to compete equally with men, and to forge links with like-minded women across the world. It also insisted on the autonomy and equality of its different branches, and, through a programme of cultural cooperation between countries, contributed to international diplomacy before the First World War.
|Translated title of the contribution||A "World Fellowship": The Founding of the International Lyceum Club|
|Pages (from-to)||15 - 22|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2005|