Recent computational work has shown that light metals adsorbed onto the oxygenated diamond (100) surface have the potential to give diamond a temperature-stable negative electron affinity (NEA). Here, we use density functional theory to study three of these metals, lithium, magnesium and aluminium, on the (111) surface. We show that all three of these metals adsorbed onto the ketone O-terminated diamond surface can possess a large NEA and adsorption energies above that of H-termination at monolayer (ML) or sub-ML coverages. Adsorption onto the ether O-terminated surface gives similarly large NEAs but lower adsorption energies. These results are promising for the development of novel NEA surfaces such as those required for thermionic devices.
- negative electron affinity